Prince Andrew, Duke of York

second son and third child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born 1960)
Military career

Prince Andrew, Duke of York, KG, GCVO, CD (Andrew Albert Christian Edward, born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British Royal Family, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. He has been titled Duke of York since 1986.

Prince Andrew
Duke of York (more)
Andrew standing at a lectern speaking
The Duke of York in 2013
Born (1960-02-19) 19 February 1960 (age 61)
Buckingham Palace, London
Spouse
Sarah Ferguson
(m. 1986; div. 1996)
Issue
Full name
Andrew Albert Christian Edward Mountbatten-Windsor[a]
HouseWindsor
FatherPrince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
MotherElizabeth II
Education
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Navy
Years of service1979–2001 (active service)
RankVice-admiral
Battles/warsFalklands War

LifeEdit

Prince Andrew was born at Buckingham Palace in London. He went to Heatherdown Preparatory School in Berkshire, England, and Gordonstoun in Scotland. Prince Andrew did not go to university, he went to Britannia Royal Naval College instead. In the Navy, he served in the Falklands War, and continued his career, becoming a commander in 1999 and an honorary captain in 2001.

Andrew resigned from his royal duties in November 2019.[2][3][4]

As of 2022, Andrew is a defendant in a lawsuit - Virginia Giuffre v. Prince Andrew - at the lower courts of the federal court system of the United States. The civil lawsuit (see civil law), says that he had sex in 2001[5] with a female (Virginia Giuffre) that was 17 years old;[6] Prince Andrew "has strongly denied any wrongdoing", media said.[7] The lawsuit is still going on, as of 2022's first quarter.[8]

FriendshipsEdit

In November 2019, Prince Andrew was interviewed for the BBC television programme Newsnight on 16 November 2019. The interviewer talked about the Prince's friendship with the convicted child sex offender Jeffrey Epstein; They met thru Ghislaine Maxwell.[9] The interview was very bad for the British royal family, because many people who saw the interview thought Prince Andrew was unsympathetic to Epstein's victims.[10][11]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1986, Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson, the younger daughter of Ronald Ferguson, the polo manager for the Prince of Wales. They have two daughters from the marriage: Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie. Andrew and Sarah separated in 1992, and divorced in May 1996.

Titles, styles, honours and armsEdit

In 2022, he gave back his honorary military titles and royal patronages.[12] He has the rank Vice-Admiral.

Titles and stylesEdit

 
Royal monogram
  • 23 July 1986 – present: His Royal Highness The Duke of York[b]

A title he had earlier (19 February 1960 – 23 July 1986) was His Royal Highness The Prince Andrew.

HonoursEdit

Ranks in the militaryEdit

AppointmentsEdit

He had military appointments:

Honorary military appointmentsEdit

In Canada he holds the following military appointments:

An earlier[23] appointment was Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada.

In New Zealand he had military appointments:

In the UK he had military appointments:

ArmsEdit

 
Prince Andrew's coat of arms.

The Duke's personal coat of arms are those of the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom with a label for difference: Quarterly (by quarters):

1st and 4th, Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or (England). (The first and fourth quarters display the three lions, representing England.)
2nd quarter is of a lion rampant within a Double Tressure floury counterflory Gules (Scotland). (The second quarter, displays a red lion in a yellow field with a double border coloured red, this represents Scotland.)
3rd, Azure a Harp Or stringed Argent (Ireland). (The third quarter shows a harp against a blue background, this represents Ireland.)

The whole differenced by a Label of three points Argent the central point charged with an Anchor Azure. The anchor is in reference to his naval career.

The arms are identical to those his grandfather George VI used when still Duke of York.

Other websitesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Andrew does not usually use a surname but when one is needed, it is Mountbatten-Windsor.[1]
  2. Andrew is keeping the style of His Royal Highness as is his right as a British prince; He does not use it in a public capacity since 13 January 2022.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "The Royal Family name". Official website of the British monarchy. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  2. "Prince Andrew stepping back from royal duties". BBC News. November 20, 2019. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
  3. Landler, Mark (December 2, 2019). "Prince Andrew's Accuser Takes Her Case to the BBC". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
  4. Quinn, Ben (20 November 2019). "Prince Andrew to step back from public duties 'for foreseeable future'". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  5. Taylor, Sammi (November 10, 2019). "'I was trafficked to billionaires, politicians, even royalty'". www.9news.com.au. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  6. https://www.nrk.no/urix/avgjorelse-i-soksmalet-mot-prins-andrew-1.15796250
  7. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-59987935. Retrieved 13 January 2022
  8. *Prince Andrew: Judge refuses to throw out Virginia Giuffre's sexual assault lawsuit against royal. January 12, 2022
  9. "As it happened: Prince Andrew's Interview". BBC News. 16 November 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  10. Adam, Karla (17 November 2019). "Prince Andrew's Epstein interview roundly panned: 'nuclear explosion level bad'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  11. Lewis, Aimee (17 November 2019). "Prince Andrew sparks near-universal condemnation with TV interview". CNN. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  12. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-59987935. Retrieved 13 January 2022
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Prince Andrew loses military titles and patronages". BBC News. 13 January 2022. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  14. "No. 56951". The London Gazette. 2 June 2003. p. 6753.
  15. "No. 59705". The London Gazette. 21 February 2011. p. 3089.
  16. "Honours of the Crown". Archived from the original on 2007-12-21. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
  17. "The Duke of York – Naval Career". The Duke of York official website. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  18. "No. 56295". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 7 August 2001. p. 9327.
  19. "No. 57705". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 19 July 2005. p. 9323.
  20. "No. 59341". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 23 February 2010. p. 3085.
  21. "No. 61160". The London Gazette (2nd supplement). 3 March 2015. p. 3798.
  22. "Honours and Decorations". The Duke of York. 26 October 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  23. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-59987935
  24. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-59987935
  25. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-59987935
  26. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-59987935