Pumori (Nepali: पुमोरि) (or Pumo Ri) is a mountain on the Nepal-Tibet border. It is in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas. Pumori lies just eight kilometres west of Mount Everest. Pumori means "the Mountain Daughter" in Sherpa language. It was named by George Mallory. "Pumo" means young girl or daughter and "Ri" means mountain in Sherpa language. Climbers sometimes refer to Pumori as "Everest's Daughter". Mallory also called it Clare Peak, after his daughter.
View of Pumori from Everest Base Camp, Khumbu Valley
|Elevation||7,161 m (23,494 ft)|
|Prominence||1,278 m (4,193 ft) |
|First ascent||1962 by Gerhard Lenser|
|Easiest route||snow/ice climb|
Pumori is a popular climbing peak. The easiest route is graded class 3, but avalanche is still a danger. Pumori was first climbed on May 17, 1962 by Gerhard Lenser on a German-Swiss expedition. Two Czechs (Leopold Sulovský and Zdeněk Michalec) climbed a new route on the south face in the spring of 1996.
An outlier of Pumori is Kala Patthar (5,643m/18,513'). It appears as a brown bump below the south face of Pumori. Many trekkers going to see Mount Everest up close will try to climb to the top of Kala Patthar.
Trekking and mountaineeringEdit
Nearly 500 people had reached the summit of Pumori by 2005. 42 (13 after reaching the summit) people lost their lives while climbing by 2005. It's popularity increased by 2008. From the summit, high Tibetan plateau can be seen on the one side and Nepal can be seen on the other side. The western part of the Everest can also be seen from the summit. However, there have been some dangers from avalanches. Some Spanish climbing teams took heavy losses (such as in 1989 and 2001). 2015 avalanche killed and injured many people. It was likely caused by the 2015 Nepal earthquake. It is said to have started from the Pumori-Lingtren ridge.
- In 1962, first ascent was done by Gerhard Lenser of a German-Swiss expedition.
- In 1974, Alpine Club Unpo, Japan, climbed through a new route on the west face of Pumori. Minoru Takagi and Nobuyaki Kaneko reached the summit on Oct 13.
- In 1986, Hiroshi Aota and Yoshiki Sasahara (Japan) climbed a new route on the east face of Pumori. They reached the summit on the third day, December 3.
- In 1986, 1985 Catalan Route on the east face was climbed by Todd Bibler. He reached the summit on December 5.
- In 2002, three women (Leila Bahrami, Mitra Nazari, and Farhondeh) from an Iranian expedition reached the summit on October 20 through the southeast face to the east ridge.
- In late October 1988 two Icelandic climbers died on the mountain. They were found 30 years later, in November 2018 by an American mountaineer. 
- In 1989 a team of four Spanish climbers were killed in an avalanche on Pumori. Again in September 2001, another Spanish team was killed in an avalanche.
- On 19 October 2002, five Basque mountaineers were swept 600–800 meters down the southeast face by an avalanche caused by seracs falling above them.
- On 25 April 2015 a 7.8 MW earthquake struck Nepal and caused several avalanches on and around Mount Everest. This includes the one that hit Everest Base Camp. A witness described it as "a huge avalanche coming off Pumori". The avalanche traveled through part of the Khumbu Icefall and into the South Base Camp. At least 19 people were killed.
- "Pumori, China/Nepal". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2012-01-22. The prominence value given here of 1,278 m is based on elevation of 7,138 m.
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- Parekh, Navnit. Himalayan Memoirs. India: Popular Prakashan. p. 37. ISBN 9780861321261. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
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- "Romanians Open New Route on Pumori". ExplorersWeb Inc. 02 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-14. Check date values in:
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- Fujita, Hiroshi (1975). "Asia, Nepal, Pumori, West Face". Climbs and Expeditions. American Alpine Journal. New York: American Alpine Club. 20 (49): 198. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- Cheney, Michael (1987). "Asia, Nepal, Pumori Winter Ascent via East Face". Climbs and Expeditions. American Alpine Journal. New York: American Alpine Club. 29 (61): 238. ISBN 0-930410-29-7. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- Bibler, Todd (1987). "Asia, Nepal, Pumori Winter Ascent". Climbs and Expeditions. American Alpine Journal. New York: American Alpine Club. 29 (61): 238. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- Hawley, Elizabeth (1987). "Asia, Nepal, Khumbu Himal, Pumori, Ascent, Attempt, Tragedy". Climbs and Expeditions. American Alpine Journal. New York: American Alpine Club. 44 (76): 409. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- "West Face of Pumori". paulholding.com. 5 Oct 2013. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- Þorsteinn og Kristinn fundnir eftir 30 ár Morgunblaðið 11 Nov 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
- Wilkinson, Freddie (25 April 2015). "Everest Base Camp a 'War Zone' After Earthquake Triggers Avalanches". National Geographic. Retrieved 2015-04-26.
- Holley, Peter (25 April 2015). "17 reported dead in Mount Everest avalanche, but toll expected to rise". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2015-04-26.
- "Indian Army's expedition team rescues 61 climbers from Mount Everest". DNA India. 26 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-30.
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