Rheine

town in the district of Steinfurt in Westphalia, Germany

Rheine is a city in the district of Steinfurt, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the biggest city in the district.

Rheine
Flag of Rheine
Coat of arms of Rheine
Location of Rheine within Steinfurt district
Rheine is located in Germany
Rheine
Rheine
Rheine is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Rheine
Rheine
Coordinates: 52°17′N 7°26′E / 52.283°N 7.433°E / 52.283; 7.433
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionMünster
DistrictSteinfurt
Government
 • MayorAngelika Kordfelder (SPD)
Area
 • Total145 km2 (56 sq mi)
Elevation
35 m (115 ft)
Population
 (2022-12-31)[1]
 • Total77,893
 • Density540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
48429-48432
Dialling codes05971, 05975, 05459
Vehicle registrationST, BF, TE
Websitewww.rheine.de

Geography change

Rheine is on the river Ems, about 40 kilometres (25 miles) north of Münster, about 45 kilometres (28 miles) west of Osnabrück and 45 kilometres (28 miles) east of Enschede (Netherlands).

Division of the town change

Rheine consists of 15 districts:

  • Altenrheine
  • Bentlage
  • Catenhorn
  • Dorenkamp
  • Dutum
  • Elte
  • Eschendorf (Kiebitzheide)
  • Gellendorf
  • Hauenhorst
  • Rheine (city center)
  • Mesum
  • Rodde
  • Schleupe
  • Schotthock
  • Wadelheim

Neighbouring municipalities change

History change

Although a lot of people have lived in the area around the city since prehistorical times, Rheine was first mentioned in a document signed by Louis the Pious only in 838. On 15 August 1327 it got its town charter from Louis II, Bishop of Münster.

The settlement was founded by reason of two old merchant roads crossing nearby, as well as a ford crossing the river Ems. Frankish soldiers secured this strategic point by a barrack yard at first. Later a church and more buildings were added to this outpost.

In the end of Thirty Years' War the city burned down almost completely. Swedish and Hessian troops besieged imperial soldiers who entrenched themselves in Rheine. On 20th/21st September and 19th October 1647 glowing cannonballs set fire to the city, 365 houses got razed.

During the industrialisation textile industry prospered. It continued to be an important economical factor until the second half of the 20th century. Today engineering industries and services form the largest part of economy in Rheine.

Twin towns change

References change

  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2022 – Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes auf Basis des Zensus vom 9. Mai 2011" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2023.

Other websites change

  Media related to Rheine at Wikimedia Commons