Richard II of England

King of England

Richard II (6 January 1367–14 February 1400) was the son of Edward, the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan of Kent, "The Fair Maid of Kent". He was born in Bordeaux, and became his father's successor when his elder brother died in infancy. His father died before him, so he became king in 1377. His uncle John of Gaunt, the Duke of Lancaster became regent until Richard II could rule. He was deposed by Henry of Bolingbroke (Henry IV), John of Gaunt's son with Blanche of Lancaster, taken prisoner and later died in captivity.

Richard II
King of England, Lord of Ireland
Portrait at Westminster Abbey, mid-1390s
King of England
Reign22 June 1377 – 14 February 1400
Coronation16 July 1377
PredecessorEdward III
SuccessorHenry IV
Born(1367-01-06)6 January 1367
Bordeaux, Principality of Aquitaine
Died14 February 1400(1400-02-14) (aged 33)
Pontefract Castle, West Yorkshire
SpouseAnne of Bohemia (1382–1394)
Isabella of Valois (1396–1400)
HouseHouse of Plantagenet
FatherEdward, Prince of Wales "The Black Prince"
MotherJoan of Kent

Richard abdicated (resigned) in 1399.[1] He was murdered later that year.


  1. "Abdication," Encyclopædia Britannica (1911); retrieved 2011-12-18.