Riga is the capital city of the European country of Latvia. Riga is on river Daugava near the Baltic Sea. The historical center of Riga is in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List and is notable for its Art Nouveau architecture, which, according to UNESCO, has no equal in the world. 
|• Type||City council|
|• Mayor||Vilnis Ķirsis|
|• City||324 km2 (125 sq mi)|
|• Land||275.5 km2 (106.4 sq mi)|
|• Water||48.50 km2 (18.73 sq mi) 15.8%|
|• Metro||10,133 km2 (3,912 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||101.4/km2 (263/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Calling codes||66 and 67|
|- Total||€12($15) billion|
|- Per capita||€18,000($21,000)|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Criteria||Cultural: i, ii|
|Inscription||1997 (21st Session)|
|Buffer zone||1,574.2 ha|
The current mayor of Riga is Vilnis Ķirsis. He became the mayor on July 5, 2023.
Riga was founded in 1201. It was a castle of the Teutonic Order.
On June 30, 1941 German troops captured Riga. The city was liberated on October 15, 1944.
The Riga inhabitants are named “Rīdzinieki” on Latvian and “рижане”(rizhani) on Russian.
In the 16th century, Riga was one of the largest cities on the Baltic Sea coast, with a population of about 16,000. The population fell to about 6000 in 1720, but grew rapidly later, reaching 517,000 in 1913. The world wars reduced the population. It reached its peak in 1990 — 909,135 people.
During the Soviet period the Riga wagon building factory made a very big number of local trains.
The Latvian National Theatre is in Riga.
Notable people change
- "Riga City Council". Riga City Council. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2009.
- "Riga in Figures". Riga City Council. Archived from the original on 10 August 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
- "Table RESIDENT POPULATION BY STATISTICAL REGION, CITY AND COUNTY Riga city". csb.gov.lv. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- "Table ISG191. RESIDENT POPULATION BY ETHNICITY AND BY STATISTICAL REGION AND CITY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE YEAR 2015". csb.gov.lv. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "2.1. Gross Domestic Product – Stratēģijas Uzraudzības Sistēma". sus.lv. Archived from the original on 2018-01-28. Retrieved 2018-06-11.
- Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Historic Centre of Riga". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2023-08-22.
- "Staķis paziņo par atkāpšanos no Rīgas mēra amata". www.lsm.lv (in Latvian). Retrieved 2023-08-22.