Riga

capital and largest city of Latvia

Riga is the capital city of the European country of Latvia. Riga is on river Daugava near the Baltic Sea.

Riga

Rīga
From top, left to right: the Freedom Monument, the Riga City Council building, the House of the Blackheads, Līvu Square, and the Latvian National Opera
From top, left to right: the Freedom Monument, the Riga City Council building, the House of the Blackheads, Līvu Square, and the Latvian National Opera
Flag of Riga
Flag
Coat of arms of Riga
Coat of arms
Riga is located in Latvia
Riga
Riga
Location of Riga in Latvia
Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°6′23″E / 56.94889°N 24.10639°E / 56.94889; 24.10639Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°6′23″E / 56.94889°N 24.10639°E / 56.94889; 24.10639
Country Latvia
Government
 • TypeCity council
 • MayorMārtiņš Staķis
Area
 (2002)[2]
 • City324 km2 (125 sq mi)
 • Land275.5 km2 (106.4 sq mi)
 • Water48.50 km2 (18.73 sq mi)  15.8%
 • Metro
10,133 km2 (3,912 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[3]
 • City641,423
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
 • Metro1,070,201
 • Metro density101.4/km2 (263/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Rīdzinieki
Ethnicity
 (2016)[5]
 • Latvians46.2%
 • Russians37.7%
 • Belarusians3.9%
 • Ukrainians3.5%
 • Poles1.8%
 • Lithuanians0.8%
 • Romanies0.1%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Calling codes66 and 67
GDP(nominal)2012
 - Total€12($15) billion[6]
 - Per capita€18,000($21,000)
Websitewww.riga.lv
Historic Centre of Riga
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Edificios en la Plaza del Mercado, Riga, Letonia, 2012-08-07, DD 02.JPG
The old town of Riga
CriteriaCultural: i, ii
Reference852
Inscription1997 (21st Session)
Area438.3 ha
Buffer zone1,574.2 ha

The mayor of Riga is Mārtiņš Staķis.

HistoryEdit

Riga was founded in 1201. It was a castle of the Teutonic Order.

In 1710 during the Great Northern War the city was incorporated to Russia. Then it became a center of Courland province.

Since 1918 Riga has been the capital city of Latvia.

PeopleEdit

The Riga inhabitants are named “Rīdzinieki” on Latvian and “рижане”(rizhani) on Russian.

Most of the people by ethnic origin are Latvian (45%) and 40% are Russian. Historically the city had large German population. Among other ethnic groups there are Byelorussians, Poles and Jews.

EconomyEdit

During the Soviet period the Riga wagon building factory made very big number of local trains.

TransportationEdit

The are 8 tram and 18 trolley routes.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Riga City Council". Riga City Council. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2009.
  2. "Riga in Figures". Riga City Council. Archived from the original on 10 August 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
  3. "Table RESIDENT POPULATION BY STATISTICAL REGION, CITY AND COUNTY Riga city". csb.gov.lv. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  4. https://www.geo.lu.lv/fileadmin/user_upload/lu_portal/projekti/gzzf/Konferences/EGEA/Krisjane_Zira_Rigas_aglomeracija.pdf#page=10
  5. "Table ISG191. RESIDENT POPULATION BY ETHNICITY AND BY STATISTICAL REGION AND CITY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE YEAR 2015". csb.gov.lv. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  6. "2.1. Gross Domestic Product – Stratēģijas Uzraudzības Sistēma". sus.lv. Archived from the original on 2018-01-28. Retrieved 2018-06-11.

Other websitesEdit