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Royal Proclamation of 1763

British Parliamentary act setting a western border for the American colonies

The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763, by King George III after Great Britain gained French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War. The purpose of the Proclamation was to organize Britain's large North American empire, and to make relations with Native Americans better and more stable by controlling trade, settlement, and land purchases on the western frontier. The royal parliament also wished to gain trust from the natives so that they would be able to place military bases around such areas. The Proclamation stated that Americans could not settle or buy land west of a line along the Appalachian Mountains. This angered colonists. Tempted by great farm land, settlers continued to flow into the Ohio River Valley and Great Britain was unable to provide adequate protection for those colonists. Also, the Proclamation gave Great Britain a monopoly in land bought from Native Americans.

Contents

Opposition to the ProclamationEdit

FrenchEdit

  • Boundaries of Québec were very limited.[1]
  • Catholics not permitted to run for office.[2]
  • Did not think the proposed assembly would represent the views of the population.[2]
  • Were concerned about the future of the Roman Catholic Church.[2]
  • Could not fur trade outside the proclaimed boundaries.[2]

BritishEdit

  • Did not fancy the restrictions placed on fur trade.[2]
  • Colonists wanted to continue westbound expansion.[2] Many veterans of the war against France had been given land beyond the line, and the Proclamation took it away.
  • Were not satisfied by the proposal for an elected assembly.[2]
  • They did not have a say in it.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "The Royal Proclamation of 1763 The Quebec Act of 1774". www.uppercanadahistory.ca.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 CANADA: The Story of our Heritage