Saarlouis (district)

district in Saarland, Germany

Saarlouis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of the Saarland, Germany.

Saarlouis
Flag of Saarlouis
Coat of arms of Saarlouis
Saarlouis.svg
CountryGermany
StateSaarland
CapitalSaarlouis
Area
 • Total459.08 km2 (177.25 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2016)[1]
 • Total196,609
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationSLS
Websitekreis-saarlouis.de

HistoryEdit

The district was part of the Holy Roman Empire. After the Napoleonic wars the area went to Prussia, which in 1816 created the district as part of its Rhineland province. From 1936-1945 it was called Saarlautern, when the Nazi government tried to exchange the French name for a German one.

GeographyEdit

The main river in the district is the Saar.

Coat of armsEdit

  The checked black-and-white top part of the coat of arms is taken from the coat of the Hohenzollern, to remember that the area belonged to the German Empire (which was ruled by the Hohenzollern dynasty) directly. The bottom part is the coat of arms of the Lorraine, as Saarlouis belonged to Duchy of Lorraine 1100-1766. The star stands for the French fortress of Saarlouis, the origin of the city, which was build in a star form. The fleur-de-lis comes from the coat of arms of the city Saarlouis.

Towns and municipalitiesEdit

Towns Municipalities
  1. Saarlouis
  2. Lebach
  3. Dillingen
  1. Bous
  2. Ensdorf
  3. Nalbach
  4. Rehlingen-Siersburg
  5. Saarwellingen
  1. Schmelz
  2. Schwalbach
  3. Überherrn
  4. Wadgassen
  5. Wallerfangen

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Fläche und Bevölkerung - Stand: 31.12.2016 (Basis Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Amt des Saarlandes (in German). January 2018.

Other websitesEdit

Coordinates: 49°20′N 6°45′E / 49.33°N 6.75°E / 49.33; 6.75