Sami language

group of Uralic languages spoken by the Sami people in northern Europe

The Sami languages are spoken by the Samis, the indigenous peoples of Northern Europe. It is spoken in Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia. It is related to the Finnish, the Estonian, and the Hungarian language.

Native toFinland, Norway, Sweden, and Russia
RegionSápmi (Lapland)
EthnicitySami people
Native speakers
Approximately 20,000–30,000[source?]
  • Sami
Official status
Official language in
Sweden and some parts of Norway; recognized as a minority language in several municipalities of Finland.
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
sia – Akkala
sjd – Kildin
sjk – Kemi
sjt – Ter
smn – Inari
sms – Skolt
sju – Ume
sje – Pite
sme – Northern
smj – Lule
sma – Southern
Corrected sami map 4.PNG
Historically verified distribution of the Sami languages: 1. Southern Sami, 2. Ume Sami, 3. Pite Sami, 4. Lule Sami, 5. Northern Sami, 6. Skolt Sami, 7. Inari Sami, 8. Kildin Sami, 9. Ter Sami. Darkened area represents municipalities that recognize Sami as an official language.

"The Sami languages ... are sometimes considered dialects of one language", says Encyclopædia Britannica; those who speak one Sami language, [mostly] do not understand other Sami languages; "[t]he Sami languages share many features (or things,) with the Baltic-Finnic languages (Finnish, Estonian, Karelian, etc.)," but "they cannot be closely related to any of these"... "[T]heir grammars are similar to that of Finnish, although their syntax has been influenced by the Scandinavian languages."[1]

Among the Sami languages are

Western Sami languagesEdit

Eastern Sami languagesEdit

Sami languages and settlements in Russia:      Skolt (Russian Notozersky)      Akkala (Russian Babinsky)      Kildin      Ter

Related pagesEdit


  1. Accessed 2017-08-25
  2. "East Sami language". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  3. "Saami, South". Ethnologue.
  4. "Saami, Ume". Ethnologue.
  5. "Saami, Pite". Ethnologue.
  6. "Saami, Lule". Ethnologue.
  7. "Saami, North". Ethnologue.
  8. "Saami, Inari". Ethnologue.
  9. "Saami, Skolt". Ethnologue.
  10. "Saami, Kildin". Ethnologue.
  11. Karpova, Lisa (18 February 2010). "The 5 Smallest Languages of the World". PravdaReport.
  12. "Saami, Ter". Ethnologue.