Santa Cruz, California

city in and county seat of Santa Cruz County, California, United States

Santa Cruz, California is a city north of Monterey Bay. Santa Cruz is about 100 miles (60 km) south of San Francisco. Santa Cruz was first settled by Ohlone Indians, Native American hunter-gatherers. Santa Cruz was colonized in the mid-1700s by the Spanish. They created a mission, (Mission Santa Cruz). The Spanish forced the Ohlones in the mission. Their populations began to decline because of diseases and overworking.

Santa Cruz, California
View of downtown Santa Cruz
View of downtown Santa Cruz
Flag of Santa Cruz, California
Official seal of Santa Cruz, California
Official logo of Santa Cruz, California
Surf City[1]
Location in Santa Cruz County and the state of California
Location in Santa Cruz County and the state of California
Coordinates: 36°58′19″N 122°1′35″W / 36.97194°N 122.02639°W / 36.97194; -122.02639
CountryUnited States
CountySanta Cruz
MissionSeptember 25, 1791[2]
IncorporatedMarch 31, 1866[3]
CharteredApril 1876[4]
 • TypeCouncil/Manager[4]
 • State senatorJohn Laird (D)[5]
 • AssemblymemberRobert Rivas (D)[5]
 • U. S. Rep.Jimmy Panetta (D)[6]
 • City15.83 sq mi (41.00 km2)
 • Land12.74 sq mi (33.00 km2)
 • Water3.09 sq mi (8.00 km2)  19.51%
 • Urban
58.4 sq mi (151.1 km2)
 • Metro
607 sq mi (1,570 km2)
Elevation36 ft (11 m)
 • City62,956
 • Density4,000/sq mi (1,500/km2)
 • Urban163,703
 • Metro262,382
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes[12]
Area code831
FIPS code06-69112
GNIS feature IDs1659596, 2411820
A surfer near Santa Cruz

Americans first arrived in Santa Cruz in the 19th century. They were immigrants from Italy, China and Portugal. Around the same time, forestry and commercial fishing were the first industries. There were also dairy farming and leather production. Santa Cruz is most famous for their university. The University of California, Santa Cruz was built in the 1960s. The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake had a major effect in Santa Cruz. It killed five people.

The industries that are present in Santa Cruz are agriculture, tourism, education and high technology. The climate in Santa Cruz is Mediterranean. This means that they have mild summers because of fog. Winters are usually rainy; however, the city has dealt with many droughts.


  1. Steve Marble (June 16, 2009). "The real Surf City? It's Santa Cruz, says magazine". Los Angeles Times. L.A. Now blog. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
  2. Yenne, Bill (2004). The Missions of California. Thunder Bay Press, San Diego, California. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-59223-319-9.
  3. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "A Guide to Your City Government". City of Santa Cruz. Archived from the original on April 17, 2023. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
  6. "California's 19th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  7. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  8. "Santa Cruz". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  9. "QuickFacts: Santa Cruz city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2023.
  10. "Census Urban Area List" (PDF). California Department of Finance. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 25, 2022. Retrieved January 24, 2023.
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 20, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  12. "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved December 1, 2014.

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