Sauer

river in Belgium, Luxembourg and German border

The Sauer (German, Luxembourgish) or Sûre (French) is a river in Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany. It is a left tributary of the river Moselle, and so it is part of the drainage basin of the Rhine river.

Sauer
Fluss Sauer.jpg
The Sauer in Echternach
Sûre.png
Path of the Sauer [1]
Location
Countries
Reference no.DE: 262
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationSource region: In the Ardennes on the soil of Libramont-Chevigny near the Planchipont farm (Belgium)
 - elevationca. 510 m (1,670 ft)
Mouth 
 - locationBetween Wasserbilligerbrück (Germany) and Wasserbillig (Luxembourg) into the Moselle
 - coordinates49°42′49″N 6°30′24″E / 49.7135889°N 6.5066861°E / 49.7135889; 6.5066861Coordinates: 49°42′49″N 6°30′24″E / 49.7135889°N 6.5066861°E / 49.7135889; 6.5066861
 - elevationca. 133 m above NHN
Length173 km (107 mi)
Basin size4,259 km2 (1,644 sq mi)
Discharge 
 - locationat its mouth[1]
 - average53.8 m3/s (1,900 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionMoselleRhineNorth Sea
River systemMoselle

GeographyEdit

The Sauer river has a length of 173 km (107.5 mi)[2] and a drainage basin with an area of 4,240 km2 (1,637 sq mi).

CourseEdit

 
The Sauer near its source in Vaux-sur-Sûre

The source of the Sauer is, as Sûre, in the southeast of Belgium in the Ardennes (Luxembourg province), on the western part of the Rhenish Massif, at an altitude of about 510 m (1,673 ft).

From there, the Sauer flows to the east and crosses the border between Belgium and Luxembourg near Martelange. It forms the border between Belgium and Luxembourg for 13 km (8 mi) north of Martelange. On their way through the mountainous north of Luxembourg (the Oesling), it passes through the Lac de la Haute Sure, an artificial lake to the west of Esch-sur-Sûre.

After flowing through Ettelbruck and Diekirch, the Sauer forms the border between Luxembourg and Germany for the last 50 km (31 mi) of its course, passing Echternach before joining, as left tributary, the Moselle in Wasserbillig, at about 132 m (433 ft) of altitude.

Main tributariesEdit

GalleryEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Added gauge data from Bollendorf (Sauer), Prümzurlay (Prüm) und Alsdorf-Oberecken (Nims), increased by the remaining catchment area (199 km²) with a conservatively estimated mq of 10
  2. "Sûre River". Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Retrieved 28 April 2014.

Other websitesEdit