Skender Vakuf

Skender Vakuf is originally name for today Kneževo, small town in Central Bosnia, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Kneževo

Skender-Vakuf
Coat of arms of Kneževo
Coat of arms
Location within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location within Bosnia and Herzegovina
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
MunicipalitySkender Vakuf/Kneževo (seat)
Area
 • Total332,9 km2 (1,285 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total10,428
 • Density31,3/km2 (810/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)51
WebsiteOfficial Kneževo Municipality Website

GeographyEdit

Kneževo is situated between the rivers Ugar, Vrbas and Vrbanja and surrounded by the mountain masiff of Čemernica, Ranča in the west, Vlašić in the south and Ježica in the north-east. The municipality has an official altitude of 864 metres (2,835 ft), but really ranges from 600 to 1,493 metres (1,969 to 4,898 ft). Kneževo is 50 kilometres (31 mi) southeast of Banja Luka by the M56 motorway.

The mountainous region in the south is forested and impracticable; its limestone mountains reach a height of 1,493 metres (4,898 ft).[1][2][3][4]

HistoryEdit

In Imljani and Javorani, Roman basilica have been found, as well as the Roman road from Servitium (Banja Luka) to Levsaba (Travnik) in the vicinity were also found. Tombstones of the Stećak type date back to the 14th and 15th centuries, when the area was part of the Kingdom of Bosnia. In 1463 the town became part of the Ottoman Empire and Islam was to become the dominant religion of the region. The Old Mosque was significant and one of the first in the region. It was destroyed, along with the New Mosque, in 1992 during the Bosnian War.

In the Korićani Cliffs massacre of 21 August 1992, some 200 Bosniaks and Croats detainees were massacred by the Bosnian Serbs Police and Army forces (in deep cliff in the canyon of Ilomska) river. After the Bosnian War, part of the municipality was split off to form the Dobretići municipality of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity.

DemographicsEdit

According to the results of the 2013 population census in Bosnia and Herzegovina, there were 3.958 inhabitants in Skender Vakuf town, and 10.428 inhabitants in the Skender Vakuf Municipality.[5]

PopulationEdit

Skender Vakuf Municipality[6](URL)

[7]

Census Year 1991 1981 1971
Serbs 13,263 (68.30%) 15.953 (69.51%) 15.926 (74.35%)
Croats 4770 (24.56%) 5395 (23.50%) 4431 (20.68%)
Bosniaks 1071 (5.51%) 1141 (4,97%) 947 (4.42%)
Yugoslavs 169 (0.87%) 318 (1.38%) 9 (0.04%)
Others and unknown 145 (0.74%) 141 (0.61%) 106 (0.49%)
Total 19,418 22,948 21,419
Skender Vakuf (town)
Skender Vakuf
Census Year 1991 1981 1971
Serbs 2484 (66.08%) 1491 (51.23%) 723 (42.83%)
Bosniaks 1063 (28.27%) 1118 (38.41%) 923 (54.68%)
Croats 42 (1.11%) 45 (1.54%) 17 (1.00%)
Yugoslavs 111 (2.95%) 205 (7.04%) 5 (0.29%)
Others and unknown 59 (1.56%) 51 (1.75%) 20 (1.18%)
Total 3,759' 2,910' 1,688'

ReferencesEdit

  1. Vojnogeografski institut, Ed (1962): Skender Vakuf (1.25,000). Vojnogeografski institut, Belgrade (bhs).
  2. "Karta BiH - Karta Bosne i Hercegovine".
  3. Spahić M. et al. (2000): Bosna i Hercegovina (1:250.000). Izdavačko preduzeće „Sejtarija“, Sarajevo.
  4. Mučibabić B., ed. (1998). Geografski atlas Bosne i Hercegovine. Sarajevo: Geodetski zavod BiH. ISBN 9958-766-00-0.
  5. "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова у Босни и Херцеговини 2013 на територији Републике Српске — Прелиминарни резултати" (PDF). Banja Luka: Републички завод за статистику. 2013. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. Hasan Zolić, Ed., Nacionalni sastav stanovništva : rezultati za Republiku po opštinama i naseljenim mjestima 1991., Statistički bilten 234., Državni zavod za statistiku Republike Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo, December 1993.
  7. Internet Source: http://www.fzs.ba/Podaci/nacion%20po%20mjesnim.pdf.

Other websitesEdit