The South West Africa People’s Organisation (//, SWAPO; Afrikaans: Suidwes-Afrikaanse Volks Organisasie, SWAVO; German: Südwestafrikanische Volksorganisation, SWAVO), officially known as the SWAPO Party of Namibia is a political party in Namibia. Its official name is the SWAPO Party of Namibia. It has been the most powerful party in the country since the country became independent from South Africa in 1990. It was a former independence and populist movement in South West Africa and is the main belligerents in the South African Border War.
South West Africa People’s Organisation
|Vice President||Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah|
|Vice Secretary-General||Nangolo Mbumba|
|Executive Director||Austin Samupwa|
|Founders||Andimba Toivo ya Toivo|
|Founded||19 April 1960|
|Preceded by||Ovamboland People's Organization|
Hans-Dietrich Genscher Street
|Newspaper||Namibia Today (1960-2015)|
|Think tank||SWAPO Think Tank|
|Youth wing||SWAPO Party Youth League|
|Women's wing||SWAPO Women's Council|
|Elder's wing||SWAPO Elder’s Council|
|Paramilitary wing||People's Liberation Army of Namibia (PLAN) (integrated into Namibian Defence Force)|
Socialism with Namibian characteristics
Independence until 2017:
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|African affiliation||Former Liberation Movements of Southern Africa|
|Seats in the National Assembly|
63 / 96
|Seats in the National Council|
28 / 42
88 / 121
277 / 378
4 / 5
SWAPO was founded on 19 April 1960. The leaders named the party to show that it represented all Namibians but the organisation is popular among Ovambo people of northern Namibia, who made up nearly half the total population of South West Africa.
South West AfricaEdit
During 1962, SWAPO had became the dominant independence, anti-colonial organisation for the people in Namibia. SWAPO used guerrilla tactics to fight the colonial South African Defence Force. A major conflict broke out on 26 of August 1966, when a unit of the South African Police exchanged fire with SWAPO forces. This became the start of what became known in South Africa as the Border War.
The neighbouring country of Angola gained its independence on 11 November 1975 during the Portuguese Colonial war. The leftist Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) came to power as the dominant party of Angola. In March 1976, the MPLA offered SWAPO bases in Angola for launching attacks against the South African military.
National Assembly electionsEdit
41 / 72
53 / 72
55 / 78
55 / 78
54 / 72
77 / 96
63 / 96
National Council electionsEdit
19 / 26
21 / 26
24 / 26
24 / 26
40 / 42
28 / 42
- "Socialism with Namibian characteristics". Namibian Sun. 17 January 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
- "Will Swapo's Socialism Come to 'Mixed Economy' Namibia?". The Namibian. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
- Iileka, Sakeus (9 November 2017). "Politburo approves sweeping changes". The Namibian. p. 1. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
- Tötemeyer, Gerhard (December 2007). "The Management of a Dominant Political Party system with particular reference to Namibia" (PDF). Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- Dauth, Timothy (17 January 1995). "From Liberation Organisations to Ruling Parties: The ANC and SWAPO in Transition". NamNet Digest, Vol. 95, no. 3. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- Seibeb, Henny (12 May 2017). "Social Movements, Party Politics And Democracy In Namibia". The Namibian. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
- Soiri, Iina (May 1996). The Radical Motherhood: Namibian Women's Independence Struggle. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet Research Report, No 99. ISBN 9789171063809. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- Matundu-Tjiparuro, Kae (19 April 2010). "The founder of Swapo". New Era (Namibia).