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The Lion King

1994 American animated film

The Lion King is an animated movie made by Walt Disney in 1994. It was the most successful animated movie of the 1990s. The movie is about a young lion prince who learns about his role as prince and in the circle of life. It is dedicated to Frank Wells, who was the president of The Walt Disney Company and died shortly before the movie was released into theaters on June 15, 1994. It was the first full-length Disney movie to feature no human characters since Bambi. Much of the voice acting work was done by well-known actors, including Matthew Broderick, Nathan Lane, James Earl Jones, Jeremy Irons, Whoopi Goldberg, Cheech Marin, Rowan Atkinson, and Jonathan Taylor Thomas. The Lion King is a musical; the songs have music by Elton John and lyrics by Tim Rice. Computer animation was used a lot when making the movie, like during the song "Circle of Life" and others. When they were making it, this movie was thought of as just "alright" compared to the movie they were going to make after that, which would be Pocahontas. The studio released the trailer, and found that many people liked it, especially the song "Circle of Life". When it was released, the movie became the most successful movie worldwide (in the United States, Forrest Gump was most successful of that year) and the most successful animated feature movie of all time until Finding Nemo. Since then, Shrek 2 has become more successful than Finding Nemo, making The Lion King the third most successful.

The Lion King
The Lion King logo.svg
Directed by
Produced byDon Hahn
Written by
Story by
Based onHell's Gate, Naivasha, Kenya
Starring
Music byHans Zimmer
Edited byIvan Bilancio
Production
company
Distributed byBuena Vista Pictures
Release date
  • June 15, 1994 (1994-06-15)
Running time
88 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$45 million[2]
Box office$987.5 million[2]

The movie was also made into an award-winning stage musical. The stage show first opened on November 13, 1997 in New York City, and it was a big success. A version opened later in London, England. Many other shows of The Lion King have been shown across the world, and is one of the United Kingdom's biggest and most popular shows.

In 2019, a live action remake was released.

Release DateEdit

Country Premiere
  Israel 23 June 1994
  Canada 24 June 1994
  Tunisia 24 June 1994
  United States 24 June 1994
  Uruguay 24 June 1994
  Chile 30 June 1994
  Colombia 30 June 1994
  Brazil 1 July 1994
  South Korea 2 July 1994
  Venezuela 6 July 1994
  Argentina 7 July 1994
  Mexico 7 July 1994
  Hong Kong 8 July 1994
  Peru 8 July 1994
  Taiwan 10 July 1994
  Japan 23 July 1994
  Singapore 10 August 1994
  Norway 18 August 1994
  Australia 25 August 1994
  New Zealand 25 August 1994
  Thailand October 1994
  United Kingdom 7 October 1994
  Philippines 12 October 1994
  Ireland 21 October 1994
  Indonesia 24 October 1994
  India 29 October 1994
   Switzerland November 1994 (French speaking region)
  Spain 8 November 1994
  Belgium 9 November 1994
  France 9 November 1994
  Germany 17 November 1994
  Austria 18 November 1994
   Switzerland 18 November 1994 (German speaking region)
  Denmark 18 November 1994
  Poland 18 November 1994
  Sweden 18 November 1994
  South Africa 23 November 1994
  Netherlands 24 November 1994
  Italy 25 November 1994
  Greece 1 December 1994
  Hungary 1 December 1994
  Slovakia 1 December 1994
  Finland 2 December 1994
  Iceland 2 December 1994
  Portugal 2 December 1994
  Slovenia 4 December 1994
  Croatia 8 December 1994
  Czech Republic 15 December 1994
  Russia 20 January 1995
  Turkey 20 January 1995
  China 15 July 1995
  Estonia 3 May 1996
  Madagascar 15 November 1996
  Togo 2 May 1997

3D VersionEdit

Country Premiere
  Ukraine 28 July 2011
  Mexico 12 August 2011
  Israel 25 August 2011
  Peru 25 August 2011
  Brazil 26 August 2011
  Poland 26 August 2011
  South Africa 26 August 2011
  Croatia 14 September 2011
  Canada 16 September 2011
  Paraguay 16 September 2011
  United States 16 September 2011
  Iceland 23 September 2011
  Turkey 30 September 2011
  Netherlands 5 October 2011
  Argentina 6 October 2011
  Greece 6 October 2011
  United Kingdom 7 October 2011
  Ireland 7 October 2011
  Pakistan 7 October 2011
  Japan 8 October 2011
  Kuwait 13 October 2011
  Taiwan 14 October 2011
  Malaysia 20 October 2011
  Hong Kong 22 October 2011
  Singapore 25 October 2011
  Malta 9 November 2011
  Germany 10 November 2011
  Italy 11 November 2011
  Philippines 14 December 2011
  Spain 21 December 2011
  Portugal 22 December 2011
  South Korea 29 December 2011
  Sweden 6 January 2012
  Norway 13 January 2012
  Finland 20 January 2012
  Kazakhstan 20 March 2012
  Russia 22 March 2012
  France 11 April 2012

The storyEdit

In the fictional opening scene, lots of animals and birds gather at Pride Rock to see Simba, the new prince who has just been born. Simba is the son of Mufasa and Sarabi. Rafiki picks up Simba and lifts him high up so that all of the animals can see. The animals celebrate and rejoice. But Scar, Mufasa's brother, is jealous because Simba will be king instead of him.

Scar lies to Simba about a dangerous place called the Elephant Graveyard. Scar says that only brave lions go there, causing Simba to be interested, even though Mufasa has forbidden Simba from going there. Simba lies to his mother, Sarabi, about going to the Water Hole when he is actually going to the Elephant Graveyard. Simba's best friend Nala and Zazu, the king's messenger, go with Simba. Simba and Nala trick Zazu with the song "I Just Can't Wait to be King" and run away from him. Simba and Nala find the Elephant Graveyard but are chased by the three hyenas Shenzi, Banzai and Ed. Mufasa saves his son and Nala and takes them both home. Mufasa speaks to Simba alone and explains to Simba that being brave is not about looking for danger. He also explains that the great kings of the past look down from the stars and watch over Simba. Scar, in the Elephant Graveyard, is angry with the hyenas because they did not kill Simba. It is revealed that the hyenas are working for Scar during Scar's song "Be Prepared".

The next day Scar takes Simba into a gorge (long, deep hole in the ground - also known as a "valley") where he explains that Mufasa has a wonderful surprise waiting. Scar has actually planned a wildebeest stampede with the hyenas. Simba is trapped in the gorge as the wildebeest run towards him. Scar tells Mufasa that Simba is in trouble and Mufasa rescues his son. Scar then throws Mufasa into the stampede and Mufasa dies. Scar blames Simba for the death of Mufasa and Simba runs away. Scar becomes king and tells everyone that Simba and Mufasa are dead. Simba runs to a desert and collapses. He is rescued by Timon the meerkat and Pumbaa the warthog. Timon and Pumbaa live in the jungle and are very relaxed, which they show in their song "Hakuna Matata". Timon and Pumbaa look after Simba until Simba is an adult lion.

One day a lioness (female lion) comes to the jungle and tries to kill and eat Pumbaa. Simba fights the lioness because he wants to save Pumbaa's life. While the two lions are fighting Simba finds out that the lioness is his friend Nala. They are very happy to see each other and they fall in love. Nala wants Simba to go home and fight Scar because Scar is a bad king. Simba will not go home because he thinks that he killed Mufasa and he does not want his family to know. Rafiki comes to the jungle and takes Simba to a field. In the sky above the field Mufasa's ghost appears and tells Simba that he must go home because Simba is the right king. After this Simba goes home to Pride Rock. Nala, Timon and Pumbaa follow him. When they get to Pride Rock they find that the land is dry and the animals have gone.

At Pride Rock, Simba sees Scar hitting Sarabi. This makes Simba's love for Scar turn to pure hatred and he tries to make Scar step down. Scar does not and makes Simba fall over the edge of Pride Rock. Simba does not fall and holds on to the edge. Scar thinks that he was won so he tells Simba the truth about the death of Mufasa - that Scar actually killed Mufasa. Simba is upset and a big fight happens. The lionesses fight the hyenas and Simba fights Scar. While the fighting is going on lightning hits a dead tree and starts a fire. Simba and Scar battle on top of Pride Rock. Scar does not want to die and lies to Simba that the hyenas are to blame for everything. Another fight happens and Simba throws Scar over the edge. Scar does not die after the fall, but the hyenas attack and kill him the hyenas are angry that Scar blamed them. Rain falls and puts out the fire. Simba walks to the top of Pride Rock and roars. Much later the animals come back. At the end of the movie, Rafiki picks up Kiara, Simba, and Nala's daughter and lifts her up high above Pride Rock so the animals below can see.

CharactersEdit

  • Simba - Nala's eventual husband, Mufasa and Sarabi's son, Scar's nephew, and the future king of the Pridelands.
  • Nala - Simba's eventual wife and the future queen of the Pridelands.
  • Timon and Pumbaa - A meerkat and a warthog who adopt Simba as a cub.
  • Mufasa - King of the Pridelands at the start of the film, Simba's father, Scar's older brother, and Sarabi's husband.
  • Scar - Simba's arch-nemesis and paternal uncle, Mufasa's arch-rival and younger brother, and Sarabi's brother-in-law.
  • Shenzi, Banzai, and Ed - Three hyenas who are Scar's henchmen.
  • Rafiki - A Mandrill shaman.
  • Zazu - A hornbill who serves as adviser to The Lion King.
  • Sarabi - Simba's mother, Mufasa's wife, and Scar's sister-in-law.
  • Sarafina - Nala's mother.
  • Kiara - Simba and Nala's newborn daughter who appears at the end of the film.

VoicesEdit

Supervising animatorsEdit

CrewEdit

Crew Position
Directed by Roger Allers
Rob Minkoff
Produced by Don Hahn
Written by Irene Mecchi
Jonathan Roberts
Linda Woolverton
Executive Producers Thomas Schumacher
Sarah McArthur
Songs by Sir Tim Rice
Sir Elton John
Original Score by Hans Zimmer
John Powell
Associate Producer Alcie Dewey
Art Director Andy Gaskill
Production Designer Christopher Sanders
movie Editors John Carnochan
Tom Finan
Artistic Supervisors Brenda Chapman (Story supervisor)
Dan St. Pierre (Layout supervisor)
Doug Ball (Background supervisor)
Vera Lanpher (Clean-up supervisors)
Scott Santoro (Effects supervisor)
Scott F. Johnston (Computer Graphics supervisor)
Artistic Coordinator Randy Fullmer
Supervising Animators Mark Henn (Young Simba)
Ruben A. Aquino (Adult Simba)
Andreas Deja (Scar)
Tony Fucile (Mufasa)
Tony Bancroft (Pumbaa)
Michael Surrey (Timon)
Aaron Blaise (Young Nala)
Anthony de Rosa (Adult Nala)
Ellen Woodbury (Zazu)
Russ Edmonds (Sarabi)
James Baxter (Rafiki)
David Burgess & Alex Kuperschmidt (Banzai/Shenzi/Ed)
Production Manager Dana Axelrod

Box office performanceEdit

Source Gross (USD) % Total All Time Rank
Domestic $328,541,776 ($312,855,561 initially) 41.9% 16
Foreign $455,300,000 58.1% N/A
Worldwide $783,841,776[4] 100.0% 19
Domestic Opening Weekend $40,888,194 13.1% 99
Domestic Adjusted (2007) $508,185,200 N/A 24

Awards and nominationsEdit

The Lion King received many award nominations, including the Academy Award for Best Original Score (by Hans Zimmer) and the Golden Globe award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy, both of which it won. The song "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" by Elton John and Tim Rice won the Academy Award for Best Original Song, the Golden Globe for Best Original Song, the BMI Film Music Award, and the Grammy Award for Best Vocal Performance Male.

These are the awards:

Sequels and spin-offsEdit

The Lion King was so successful that Disney created a sequel called The Lion King II: Simba's Pride and a television series called The Lion King's Timon and Pumbaa. A second sequel, The Lion King 1½, was released on February 10, 2004. A preschool series called The Lion Guard is currently airing on Disney Junior.

The Lion King had a special edition that was released in IMAX cinemas.

ControversiesEdit

"SEX"Edit

In one scene of the movie it looks as if animators had written the word "sex" into some of the frames of animation. However, they wanted to show the letters "SFX" (meaning "special effects"). In The Lion King DVD the word has been taken out.

Kimba the White LionEdit

Kimba the White Lion is an animated TV show from the 1960s. It was made in Japan by Osamu Tezuka. Some characters and parts of the story in The Lion King are similar to Kimba the White Lion but Disney has said that it was not done on purpose.[14]

"The Lion Sleeps Tonight"Edit

In one scene with Timon and Pumbaa they both sing "The Lion Sleeps Tonight". This has caused disputes between Disney and the family of South African Solomon Linda, who composed the song (originally titled "Mbube") in 1939. In July 2004, the family went to court, seeking $1.6 million in royalties from Disney. In February 2006, Linda's heirs (family) reached a legal settlement with Abilene Music, who held the worldwide rights and had licensed the song to Disney for an undisclosed amount of money.[15]

Hidden racismEdit

Upon its release, some critics complained that the hyenas in the movie were negative (bad) racial stereotypes of African-American people and Hispanic people.[16] It has been said that "despicable hyena storm troopers speak...in racially coded accents that take on the nuances of the discourse of a decidedly urban, black, and Latino youth." [17]

Hamas' propagandaEdit

In August 2007, the Hamas terrorist group produced an animated propaganda (information) movie that made fun of the style of The Lion King. The programme was shown on their television station, Al-Aqsa TV. Hamas was shown as a lion that chased and killed rats that looked like members of the secular (separate from religion) Fatah group in Gaza. The programme was shown for a short time but was taken off the air for changes.[18][19]

SongsEdit

  • "Circle of Life"
  • "I Just Can't Wait to Be King"
  • "Be Prepared"
  • "Hakuna Matata"
  • "Can You Feel the Love Tonight?"
  • "The Bait Song" (Timon & Pumbaa's Hula)

Titles in other languagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "The Lion King (U)". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The Lion King". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
  3. Grant, John. Encyclopedia of Walt Disney's Animated Characters - Encyclopedia, 3rd edition hardcover. New York City: Hyperion Books, 1998. ISBN 0-7868-6336-6
  4. "All-Time Worldwide Box Office". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 17 September 2006.
  5. "Academy Awards, USA: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
  6. "SEARCH - Lion King, The". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
  7. "Legacy: 22nd Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (1994)". Annie Awards. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
  8. "Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, USA: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
  9. "BAFTA Awards: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
  10. "BMI Film & TV Awards: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
  11. "Grammy Awards: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
  12. "MTV Movie Awards: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
  13. "Kids' Choice Awards, USA: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2007-08-05.
  14. Hong, Peter (2002-05-19). "The Lion King/Kimba controversy". Los Angeles Times. pp. L4. Retrieved 2009-11-14. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  15. "Disney settles Lion song. dispute". BBC news. Retrieved 31 August 2006.
  16. Staff (24 February 2006). "Film Comment Selects 2006".
  17. http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/courses/ed253a/Giroux/Giroux2.html
  18. Nidal al-Mughrabi (September 4, 2007). "Hamas "Lion King" cartoon re-enacts Gaza takeover". Reuters. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  19. "Hamas battle cartoon mimics "Lion King"". International Herald Tribune. 2007-08-24. Retrieved 2007-12-24.

Other websitesEdit