Tsai Ing-wen

President of Taiwan from 2016 to 2024
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Tsai.

Tsai Ing-wen (Chinese: 蔡英文; pinyin: Cài Yīngwén; born 31 August 1956) is the president of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since 20 May 2016 and is the first female chosen to the position.[1] She is the current Chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party since 2008. Her nickname is Siao-Ing (小英).

Tsai Ing-wen
Official portrait, 2016
7th President of the Republic of China
Assumed office
20 May 2016
PremierLin Chuan
Lai Ching-te
Su Tseng-chang
Chen Chien-jen
Vice PresidentChen Chien-jen
Lai Ching-te
Preceded byMa Ying-jeou
Succeeded byLai Ching-te (elect)
Chair of the Democratic Progressive Party
In office
20 May 2020 – 26 November 2022
Secretary GeneralLin Hsi-yao
Preceded byCho Jung-tai
Succeeded byChen Chi-mai (acting)
In office
28 May 2014 – 24 November 2018
Secretary GeneralJoseph Wu
Hung Yao-fu
Preceded bySu Tseng-chang
Succeeded byLin Yu-chang (acting)
In office
20 May 2008 – 29 February 2012
Secretary GeneralWang Tuoh
Wu Nai-ren
Su Jia-chyuan
Preceded byFrank Hsieh (acting)
Succeeded by Kiku Chen Chu (acting)
Vice Premier of the Republic of China
In office
25 January 2006 – 21 May 2007
PresidentChen Shui-bian
PremierSu Tseng-chang
Preceded byWu Rong-i
Succeeded byChiou I-jen
Member of the Legislative Yuan
In office
1 February 2005 – 24 January 2006
Succeeded byWu Ming-ming
ConstituencyParty-list (Democratic Progressive Party)
Minister of the Mainland Affairs Council
In office
20 May 2000 – 20 May 2004
PremierTang Fei
Chang Chun-hsiung
Yu Shyi-kun
DeputyChen Ming-tong
Preceded bySu Chi
Succeeded byJoseph Wu
Personal details
Born (1956-08-31) 31 August 1956 (age 67)
Zhongshan, Taipei, Taiwan
Political partyDemocratic Progressive (2004–present)
Other political
Independent (before 2004)
ResidenceYonghe Residence
Alma materNational Taiwan University (LLB)
Cornell University (LLM)
London School of Economics (PhD)
Scientific career
FieldsEconomic Theory, Law
ThesisUnfair trade practices and safeguard actions (1983)
Doctoral advisorMichael Elliott
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Tsai won re-election in the 2020 Taiwan presidential election facing Han Kuo-yu (KMT).[2][3][4]

Early years


Tsai Ing-wen was born in Mackay Memorial Hospital at Taipei, She grew up from a rich family in southern Taiwan. She worked hard and studied at National Taiwan University. She passed a test and became a lawyer in her junior year. She graduated from university in 1980.


  1. 高, 梦鸽. "台湾"大选"开票结果显示蔡英文当选台湾领导人". 高梦鸽_NN4432. 人民网-人民日报. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  2. "Taiwan opposition candidate admits defeat in presidential election". Reuters. 2020-01-11. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
  3. "Taiwan's Tsai wins second presidential term". 2020-01-11. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
  4. Kuo, Lily (2020-01-11). "Taiwan re-elects Tsai Ing-Wen as president in clear message to China". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-01-11.