Water polo

ballgame-team sport played in water by teams competing to put the ball into the opponent's goal
Part of a series of articles on
Summer Sports
Track and field athletics

Football (soccer)
American football
Cycling·Auto racing
Field hockey·Handball
Horseback riding

Water sports

Swimming· Diving
Water polo·Sailing

Martial arts


Net sports

Tennis· Volleyball
Table tennis· Badminton

Winter sports

Ice hockey· Skating

Ice sledge hockey

Water polo is a sport played in water with a ball. It has similarities to basketball and soccer, although players are in the pool. Players try to get the ball into the goal more times than the opposing team, without using goggles.

Water polo

Outline change

Water polo is a team game. Two teams play a match. Each match has four periods called quarters. The length of each period is usually between 5 and 8 minutes. Because the amount of time spent on fouls or out throws is not counted in the quarter time, an average quarter really lasts around 12 minutes.

Each team has six field players and one goalkeeper. Water polo players need to be good at swimming and ball handing. They need good reflexes and awareness.

Players must keep floating in a game. Players may not stand on the bottom of the pool.

Water polo is played in a pool : depth is above 2 m, a vertical line is 30 m and width is 20 m.

Positions change

  • Goal Keeper (2)
  • Floater (1)
  • Floater Back (1)
  • Driver (4)

Equipments change

To play water polo, you need swimwear, caps, mouth guards, a ball and a goal. The caps' design is unique. They are designed to protect head and ears.

Fouls change

  • Putting an offensive player who doesn't have a ball under the water; a defensive player who does this should go outside of the field for 20 seconds
  • Sinking a ball
  • Grasping a carrier's swimwear
  • Touching a ball with both hands
  • Putting both hands up to defend from shoot

History change

The rules of water polo were originally developed in the mid-nineteenth century in Great Britain by William Wilson. The game originated as a form of rugby football played in rivers and lakes in England and Scotland with a ball constructed of Indian rubber, probably from the 1850s onwards.

Famous players change

Other websites change