martial art

Karate (空手) is a Japanese martial art.[1] It was developed in the former Ryūkyū Kingdom in what is now Okinawa Prefecture. Karate has been an Olympic sport since the 2020 Summer Olympics but in 2020, the IOC decided to drop Karate for the 2024 Paris Olympics, one year later in 2021, the IOC decided to reinstate Karate for the 2028 Los Angeles Olympics.

A karate student wearing a karategi.

Karate uses all parts of the human body as a weapon such as the hand, fist, elbow, leg and knee. Karate training has three main sections:

  • kihon (基本, きほん) is learning the basic techniques or fundamentals;
  • kata (形(型)) is the training of form, the specific order and way of using techniques;
  • kumite (組手) is to learn how to fight using those techniques.

History of Karate change

Gichin Funakoshi, a school teacher from the island of Okinawa, introduced Karate to mainland Japan in the early 1900s.[2] Traditional karate is different from boxing, wrestling and kickboxing: in karate, there is just as much importance on the strength of the mind and good manners as there is on strength of the body and self-defence to use when you're in trouble.

Karate became more known around the world because of Karate movies in the 1960s and 1970s. Now people all over the world learn Karate.

After World War II, Karate also became popular in Korea, where a local variation appeared, it is called "tangsudo".

The full name of Karate is "Karate-do" which means "the way of the empty hand" in English.

There are many schools or styles of karate, including

A person who does Karate is called a "karateka".[3] Notable Karateka include: Gichin Funakoshi, Yoshitaka Funakoshi,[2] Shigeru Egami, Masutatsu Oyama, and Fumio Demura.

Karate Clothing change

Part of a series of articles on
Summer Sports
Track and field athletics

Football (soccer)
American football
Cycling·Auto racing
Field hockey·Handball
Horseback riding

Water sports

Swimming· Diving
Water polo·Sailing

Martial arts


Net sports

Tennis· Volleyball
Table tennis· Badminton

Winter sports

Ice hockey· Skating

Ice sledge hockey

Coloured belts for Karate.

When people practice Karate, they wear special clothes called a karategi. The karategi is made up of a white jacket and white pants. People who practice Karate also wear a colored belt, which tells other people their rank. The belt shows how long you have trained rather than how good you are. Two people wearing different colored belts can be surprisingly similar.

Different schools of Karate have different colours of belts for their ranks. You cannot know precisely how good they are without either asking them or knowing how their school arranges the belt colours in ranks. Usually the black belt is for the students who try very hard to be the best that they can be for a long time.

Some schools have several degrees of black belts. They show this by having a white stripe, called a Dan, on the one end of the belt, for the black belt degree the person has. For instance a "3 Dan black belt" would have 3 white stripes on his black belt and would be higher ranked than a "1 Dan black belt".

Related pages change

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Karate" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 482.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Nussbaum, "Funakoshi Gichin" at p. 220.
  3. Nussbaum, "karateka" at p. 483.

Other websites change

  Media related to Karate at Wikimedia Commons