Open main menu

Zhu De

Marshal of the People's Republic of China

Zhu De (/ˈ ˈd/ (also Chu Teh; 1 December 1886 – 6 July 1976) was a Chinese general, warlord, politician and revolutionary. He was one of of the founders of the Communist Party of China. He was a high-ranking official of the Chinese Red Army. He was Commander-in-Chief of the Eighth Route Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War.


Zhu De
朱德
Zhu De.jpg
Marshal Zhu De (1955)
2nd Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
In office
April 28, 1959 – July 6, 1976
PresidentAbolished (since 1975)
Preceded byLiu Shaoqi
Succeeded bySoong Ching-ling (acting)
Head of State of the People's Republic of China
as Chairman of the NPCSC
In office
January 17, 1975 – July 6, 1976
PremierZhou Enlai
Hua Guofeng
LeaderMao Zedong
Preceded byDong Biwu (as acting chairman of the PRC)
Succeeded bySoong Ching-ling (acting)
1st Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China
In office
September 27, 1954 – April 27, 1959
ChairmanMao Zedong
Succeeded bySoong Ching-ling and Dong Biwu
Vice Chairman of the Communist Party of China
In office
28 September 1956 – 1 August 1966
ChairmanMao Zedong
Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
In office
November, 1949 – March, 1955
Preceded byLi Weihan
Succeeded byDong Biwu
Commander-in-Chief of the People's Liberation Army
In office
November 28, 1946 – September 27, 1954
Preceded byPost established
Succeeded byPost abolished
Personal details
Born(1886-12-01)1 December 1886
Yilong County, Sichuan
Died6 July 1976(1976-07-06) (aged 89)
Beijing
Cause of deathFlu
Political party Communist Party of China
Spouse(s)
Xiao Jufang
(m. 1912; death 1916)

Chen Yuzhen
(m. 1916; death 1935)

Wu Ruolan
(m. 1928; death 1929)

Kang Keqing (m. 1929)
ChildrenZhu Qi
Zhu Min
AwardsOrder of Victory of Resistance against Aggression ribbon.png Order of Victory of Resistance against Aggression (1945)
Order of Bayi 1st Class.svg Order of August the First (1st Class Medal) (1955)
Order of Independence and Freedom 1st Class.svg Order of Independence and Freedom (1st Class Medal) (1955)
Order of Liberation 1st Class.svg Order of Liberation (1st Class Medal) (1955)
More...
Military service
Allegiance Communist Party of China
 People's Republic of China
Branch/serviceFlag of the People's Liberation Army.svg People's Liberation Army
Flag of the Republic of China Army.svg Eighth Route Army
Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army
Flag of the Republic of China Army.svg National Revolutionary Army
Yunnan clique
Years of service1927–1976
RankMarshal rank insignia (PRC).jpg Marshal of the People's Republic of China
General First and Second Class rank insignia (ROC, NRA).jpg General of the National Revolutionary Army, Republic of China
Battles/warsNorthern Expedition

Chinese Civil War

Encirclement Campaigns
Long March

Second Sino-Japanese War

Hundred Regiments Offensive
Zhu De
Chinese
Courtesy name: Yujie
Chinese朱玉阶

In 1955 he became one of the Ten Marshals of the People's Liberation Army. He was the chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress from 1975 to 1976. Zhu was the head of state of the People's Republic of China.

Zhu died on 6 July 1976 in Beijing at the age of 89.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Zhu De Death". chinadaily.com.cn.