1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1859th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 859th year of the 2nd millennium, the 59th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1850s decade. As of the start of 1859, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 18th century19th century20th century
Decades: 1820s  1830s  1840s  – 1850s –  1860s  1870s  1880s
Years: 1856 1857 185818591860 1861 1862
1859 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar1859
Ab urbe condita2612
Armenian calendar1308
Assyrian calendar6609
Bahá'í calendar15–16
Balinese saka calendar1780–1781
Bengali calendar1266
Berber calendar2809
British Regnal year22 Vict. 1 – 23 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar2403
Burmese calendar1221
Byzantine calendar7367–7368
Chinese calendar戊午(Earth Horse)
4555 or 4495
    — to —
己未年 (Earth Goat)
4556 or 4496
Coptic calendar1575–1576
Discordian calendar3025
Ethiopian calendar1851–1852
Hebrew calendar5619–5620
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1915–1916
 - Shaka Samvat1780–1781
 - Kali Yuga4959–4960
Holocene calendar11859
Igbo calendar859–860
Iranian calendar1237–1238
Islamic calendar1275–1276
Japanese calendarAnsei 6
Javanese calendar1787–1788
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4192
Minguo calendar53 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar391
Thai solar calendar2401–2402
Tibetan calendar阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
1985 or 1604 or 832
    — to —
(female Earth-Goat)
1986 or 1605 or 833

Events change

Deaths change