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Abdul Hamid II

34th sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Abdul Hamid II (21 September 1842 – 10 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.[1] He was the last Sultan to effectively rule over the empire, which was coming to an end. He was son of the Sultan Abdulmecid.

Abdul Hamid II
Caliph of Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Portrait of Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.jpg
Abdul Hamid II as a Şehzade (Prince) in Balmoral Castle, Scotland, 1867
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Reign31 August 1876 – 27 April 1909
Sword girding7 September 1876
PredecessorMurad V
SuccessorMehmed V
Born(1842-09-21)21 September 1842
Topkapı Palace, Istanbul
Died10 February 1918(1918-02-10) (aged 75)
Beylerbeyi Palace, Istanbul
Sultan Mahmud II Tomb
Royal houseHouse of Osman
FatherAbdülmecid I
MotherTirimüjgan Sultan
Rahime Perestu Sultan
ReligionSunni Islam
TughraAbdul Hamid II's signature


  1. "Abdulhamid II". The Sultans. Retrieved 22 February 2016.