Ali Khamenei

Supreme Leader of Iran since 1989

Ali Khamenei (سید علی حسینی خامنه‌ای;`Ali Ḥusaynī Khaminayī; born 19 April 1939)[5][6][7] or simply Ali Khamenei is an Iranian Shia cleric and politician who has served as the second supreme leader of Iran since 1989. Khamenei is the longest-serving head of state in the Middle East. He was the president of Iran from 1981 to 1989 until the death of Ruhollah Khomeini.

Ali Khamenei
علی خامنه‌ای
Khamenei in 2024
2nd Supreme Leader of Iran
Assumed office
16 August 1989
Acting: 3 June – 16 August 1989
Preceded byRuhollah Khomeini
3rd President of Iran
In office
9 October 1981 – 16 August 1989
Supreme Leader
  • Ruhollah Khomeini
  • Himself (Acting)
Prime MinisterMir-Hossein Mousavi
Preceded byMohammad-Ali Rajai
Succeeded byAkbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
1st Chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council
In office
7 February 1988 – 4 June 1989
Appointed byRuhollah Khomeini
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byAkbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Member of the Assembly of Experts
In office
15 August 1983 – 4 June 1989
ConstituencyTehran Province[1]
Majority2,800,353 (87.8%)[2]
Member of the Islamic Consultative Assembly
In office
28 May 1980 – 13 October 1981
ConstituencyTehran, Rey and Shemiranat
Majority1,405,976 (65.8%)[3]
3rd Tehran's Friday Prayer Imam
Assumed office
14 January 1980
Appointed byRuhollah Khomeini
Preceded byHussein-Ali Montazeri
Personal details
Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khameneh

(1939-04-19) 19 April 1939 (age 85)
Mashhad, Khorasan, Imperial State of Iran
Political partyIndependent (since 1989)
Other political
(m. 1964)
Children6, including Mostafa, Mojtaba, and Masoud[4]
Military service
Allegiance Iran
Branch/service Islamic Republic of Iran Army Ground Forces
Years of service1981–present
CommandsIslamic Republic of Iran Army Ground Forces (since 1989)

Khamenei is the longest-serving head of state in the Middle East, as well as the second-longest-serving Iranian leader of the last century, after Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.[8]


  1. "1982 Assembly of Experts Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal, Princeton University, archived from the original on 19 October 2015, retrieved 10 August 2015
  2. "چه کسی در نخستین انتخابات خبرگان اول شد؟ +جدول". 7 January 2014. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017.
  3. "Parliament members" (in Persian). Iranian Majlis. Archived from the original on 7 July 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  4. Kazemzadeh, Masoud (n.d.). "Ayatollah Khamenei's Foreign Policy Orientation". Comparative Strategy. 32 (5): 443–458. doi:10.1080/01495933.2013.840208. eISSN 1521-0448. ISSN 0149-5933. S2CID 153558136.
  5. "Detailed biography of Ayatollah Khamenei, Leader of Islamic Revolution". 23 September 2013.
  6. "The Office of the Supreme Leader, Sayyid Ali Khamenei". Archived from the original on 2009-06-18. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  7. "Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei".
  8. "The Supreme Leader – The Iran Primer". 2 October 2010. Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2016.

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