Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد, transliterated Baghdād) is the capital city and largest city in Iraq. It is the second-largest city in Southwest Asia after Tehran. It is the second-largest city in the Arab world after Cairo. It has 5,772,000 people (2003). Baghdad is on the Tigris River at 33°20′N 44°26′E. The city was once the center of Dar al-Islam, Muslim civilization. Baghdad used to be one of the largest learning centers in the world, during the post classical era.
'The City of Peace'
|Founded by||Abu Jafar al-Mansur|
|• Body||Baghdad City Advisory Council|
|• Mayor||Zekra Alwach|
|• Total||204.2 km2 (78.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||34 m (112 ft)|
| • Estimate |
|Time zone||UTC+3 (Arabia Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||No DST|
10001 to 10090
|Website||Mayoralty of Baghdad|
- Petersen, Andrew (13 September 2011). "Baghdad (Madinat al-Salam)". Islamic Arts & Architecture.