Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد, transliterated Baghdād) is the capital city and largest city in Iraq. It is the second-largest city in Southwest Asia after Tehran. It is the second-largest city in the Arab world after Cairo. 5,772,000 people lived there in 2003. Baghdad is on the Tigris River at 33°20′N 44°26′E. The city was once the center of Dar al-Islam, Muslim civilization. Baghdad used to be one of the largest learning centers in the world, during the post classical era. It was one of the greatest cities of Islamic civilization.
'The City of Peace'
|Founded by||Abu Jafar al-Mansur|
|• Body||Baghdad City Advisory Council|
|• Mayor||Zekra Alwach|
|• Total||204.2 km2 (78.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||34 m (112 ft)|
| • Estimate |
|Time zone||UTC+3 (Arabia Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||No DST|
10001 to 10090
|Website||Mayoralty of Baghdad|