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Bamyan Province (Persian: بامیان) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. It is in the centre of the country. Its capital city is also called Bamyan. Most of the people are Hazaras, with fewer Tajiks, and Pashtuns. Bamyan is the largest province in the Hazarajat region of Afghanistan. About 450.000 people lived in Bamyan province in 2020. The province mainly became known for the Buddhas of Bamiyan, which were destroyed under Taliban rule, in 2001. In the past, the province was strategically important because of the Silk Road which passes through it. The Silk Road linked Asian countries such as India and China, with Persia, the Mediterranean and Europe. Buddhism used to be common, and there were many Buddha statues, and monasteries.
|• Total||14,175 km2 (5,473 sq mi)|
|• Density||27/km2 (71/sq mi)|
|Main languages||Dari Persian (Hazaragi dialect)|
|Kahmard||Kahmard||32,200||Transferred from Baghlan in 2005|
|Sayghan||Sayghan||21,200||Transferred from Baghlan and created within Kahmard District in 2005|
Bamiyan is famous for its potatoes.
Bamyan Province has the only university, Bamiyan University in the area.