Open main menu

Banten

province of Indonesia

Banten is a province of Indonesia. It is on the island of Java. The capital city is Serang. The population was 10.6 million during the 2010 census. The government reported the population to be 11,834,087 in 2014.[4] Banten was part of the province of West Java. It became a separate province in 2000.

Banten
From left to right, top to bottom: Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Great Mosque of Banten, Carita Beach, Tanjung Lesung, Ujung Kulon National Park, Sawarna Tourism Village, Port of Merak, Baduy People Villages
Flag of Banten
Flag
Official seal of Banten
Seal
Motto(s): 
Iman Taqwa
(Faith and Piety)
Location of Banten in Indonesia
Location of Banten in Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°30′S 106°15′E / 6.500°S 106.250°E / -6.500; 106.250Coordinates: 6°30′S 106°15′E / 6.500°S 106.250°E / -6.500; 106.250
Country Indonesia
CapitalLambang Kota Serang.jpg Serang
Largest cityLambang Kota Tangerang.png Tangerang
EstablishedOctober 4, 2000
Government
 • BodyBanten Regional Government
 • GovernorWahidin Halim [1] (Demokrat)
 • Vice GovernorAndika Hazrumy
Area
 • Total9,662.92 km2 (3,730.87 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[2]
 • Total12,448,200
 • Rank5th
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groupsBantenese (47%), Sundanese (23%), Javanese (12%), Betawi (10%), Chinese (5%)[3]
 • ReligionIslam (91.64%), Christian (4.4%), Buddhism (1.2%), Confucianism (0.03%), Hindu (0.05%)[source?]
 • LanguagesIndonesian (official)
Sundanese (lingua franca)
Javanese (regional)
Hakka
Betawi
Bantenese (native)
Baduy
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Postcodes
15xxx (Tangerang), 42xxx (non-Tangerang)
Area codes(62)25x (non-Tangerang), (62)21 (Tangerang)
ISO 3166 codeID-BT
Vehicle registrationA (non-Tangerang), B (Tangerang)
GRP per capitaUS$ 3,114
GRP rank14th
HDIIncrease 0.703 (High)
HDI rank8th
PolicePolda Banten (non-Tangerang)
Polda Metro Jaya (Tangerang)
Largest city by areaSerang - 266.71 square kilometres (102.98 sq mi)
Largest city by populationTangerang - (1,798,601 - 2010)
Largest regency by areaLebak Regency - 3,426.56 square kilometres (1,323.00 sq mi)
Largest regency by populationTangerang Regency - (2,781,428 - 2010)
WebsiteGovernment official site

HistoryEdit

In the 5th century, Banten was part of the Kingdom of Tarumanagara. After Srivijaya attacked Tarumanagara, it became weaker. Then, the Kingdom of Sunda became more powerful in West Java. In the early 16th century, the port of Bantam (Banten) was an important port in the Kingdom of Sunda. [5] In 1527, Javanese Muslims captured the port of Banten. Their leader was Sunan Gunungjati. They started the Sultanate of Banten.


GeographyEdit

Banten is near the Sunda Strait. This strait is important as a link bewteen Australia and New Zealand and Southeast Asia. Also, Banten is the link between Java and Sumatra.

ReligionEdit

Religion in Banten (2010 census)[6]
religion percent
Islam
  
94.67%
Christianity
  
3.62%
Buddhism
  
1.23%
other, not stated or not asked
  
0.37%
Hinduism
  
0.08%
Confucianism
  
0.03%


List of GovernorsEdit

Governors of Banten
Name[7] Position Took office Left office Information
Hakamudin Djamal Acting Governor 2000 2002  
Djoko Munandar Governor 2002 2005  Charged with corruption-Removed
Ratu Atut Chosiyah Acting governor 2005 2007  
Ratu Atut Chosiyah Governor 2007 2012  
Ratu Atut Chosiyah Governor 2012 2015  Charged with bribery-Removed
Rano Karno Acting Governor 2014 2015  
Rano Karno Governor 2015 2017  
Wahidin Halim Governor 2017 Incumbent  


ReferencesEdit

  1. http://www.republika.co.id/berita/en/national-politics/15/08/12/nsyzxa317-rano-karno-officially-becomes-governor-of-banten
  2. "Statistik Indonesia 2018". Badan Pusat Statistik. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  3. Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2013-07-17. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. Heuken, A. (1999). Sumber-sumber asli sejarah Jakarta, Jilid I: Dokumen-dokumen sejarah Jakarta sampai dengan akhir abad ke-16. Cipta Loka Caraka. p. 34.
  6. "Population by Region and Religion in Indonesia". BPS. 2010.
  7. Banten Governors. Statistics Banten Provincial Office, Banten. 2008.

Other websitesEdit