edible green plant in the cabbage family

Broccoli is a plant from the species: Brassica oleracea. It is a vegetable similar to cauliflower and cabbage. Broccoli has green flower heads and a stalk. It comes from Italy[1] and was introduced to England and the United States around 1800, and 1900,[2][3] and has become a well-liked food around the world. Purple cauliflower (violet cauliflower) is also a type of broccoli grown in North America and Europe.[4]

A stalk of broccoli (left side) and one cut (right side)

Broccoli is a good source of vitamins.[5] It’s carbohydrates are mostly fibre and a variety of sugars.[6] Broccoli has many vitamins and minerals like Vitamin A, potassium, folic acid, and iron.[7] When it is not harvested in the right time, it will turn into a head of yellow flowers.[3] Spain, Mexico, India, China, and the United States are the largest producers of broccoli.[8]

It is native to the Mediterranean. The plant was from a cabbage by a Mediterranean civilization called Etruscan. Broccoli’s name comes from the word "broccolo" in Italian language[9] and the Latin word "brachium".[10] It was developed from multiple crossbreeding.[11]

References change

  1. "From Roman Empire to Now: a History of Broccoli". The Spruce Eats. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  2. "Broccoli | Description, Nutrition, & Facts | Britannica". Retrieved 2022-12-29.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Broccoli" (PDF). Retrieved 2022-12-29.
  4. Samantha (2020-06-29). "35 Broccoli Facts You Must Learn Today". Facts Legend. Archived from the original on 2022-12-29. Retrieved 2022-12-29.
  5. "The health benefits of broccoli". BBC Good Food. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  6. "Broccoli 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits". Healthline. 2019-05-10. Retrieved 2022-12-29.
  7. "Broccoli". Retrieved 2022-12-29.
  8. Wikifarmer (2020-01-16). "Fast Facts about Broccoli". Wikifarmer. Retrieved 2022-12-29.
  9. "From Roman Empire to Now: a History of Broccoli". The Spruce Eats. Retrieved 2022-12-29.
  10. Myrick, Richard (2011-08-25). "Broccoli Fun Facts | Mobile Cuisine". Mobile Cuisine | Food Truck, Pop Up & Street Food Coverage. Retrieved 2022-12-29.
  11. "Broccoli". Retrieved 2022-12-29.