The Cape Colony (Dutch: Kaapkolonie) was the name of a colony based around the Cape of Good Hope, in southern Africa. It was first established in 1652 by Jan van Riebeeck as a governorate of the Dutch East India Company. It was captured by the British in 1795 and returned to the Dutch in 1802. In 1806 it was again captured by the British. It united with three other British colonies in 1910 to form the Union of South Africa when it was renamed the "Cape Province". Its capital was Cape Town, the modern-day legislative capital of the Republic of South Africa.
The Cape Colony ca. 1890
with Griqualand East and Griqualand West annexed
and Stellaland/Goshen (in light red) claimed
|Common languages||English, Dutch ¹|
|Religion||Dutch Reformed Church, Anglican|
|Historical era||Scramble for Africa|
|1822||331,900 km2 (128,100 sq mi)|
|1910||569,020 km2 (219,700 sq mi)|
• 1865 census
|Today part of||South Africa ²|
Lists of LeadersEdit
|1803-1806||Lieut-Gen Jan Willems Jansen[n1 2]|
|1807-1811||Earl of Caledon|
|1814-1826||Lord Charles Somerset|
|1854-1861||Sir George Grey|
- Acting governors and lieutenant governors are not in this list
- Under Dutch Government
|1872–1878||John Charles Molteno|
|1872-1878||John Gordon Sprigg|
|1881-1884||Thomas Charles Scanlen|
|1890-1896||Cecil John Rhodes|
|1898-1900||William Philip Schreiner|
|1904-1908||Leander Starr Jameson|
|1908–1910||John X. Merriman|
- Alexander Wilmot; John Centlivres Chase (1869). History of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope: From Its Discovery to the Year 1819. J. C. Juta. pp. 268–. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "Census of the colony of the Cape of Good Hope. 1865". HathiTrust Digital Library. p. 11. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- Walker, Eric A (1928). A History of Southern Africa. London: Longmans. pp. xvii–xx.