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Denmark-Norway

personal union in Northern Europe between 1524-1814

The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway was a union between the two kingdoms Denmark and Norway, which lasted from 1536 to 1814.[2][3] During this time, the capital of both countries was Copenhagen, and they shared the same military. The kingdom also possessed colonies in Greenland, Iceland, Africa, the Caribbean and India.

Denmark–Norway

Danmark–Norge
1523–1533
1537–1814
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Coat of arms
Map of Denmark–Norway, c. 1780
Map of Denmark–Norway, c. 1780
StatusPersonal union (1523–1533)
Dualistic unitary state (1537–1814)
CapitalCopenhagen
and Oslo (Only in Norway 1523–1537)
Common languagesOfficial:
Danish, German, Renaissance Latin
Also spoken: Norwegian, Icelandic, Faroese, Sami, Greenlandic
Religion
Lutheran
GovernmentElective monarchy 1523–1660 (Denmark)
Hereditary monarchy 1660–1814 (Denmark)
(Absolutism since 1660)
Elective monarchy 1523–1537 (Norway (de facto))
Hereditary monarchy 1537–1814 (Absolutism since 1661)
King 
• 1524–1533
Frederick I
• 1588–1648
Christian IV
• 1648–1670
Frederick III
• 1808–1814a
Frederick VI
Legislature
Historical eraEarly modern Europe
• Gustav Vasa elected
    King of Sweden

June 6, 1523
• Kalmar Union collapsed
1523
• Norwegian riksråd
    abolished

1537
• Danish rigsråd
    abolished

October 14, 1660
• Lex Regia confirms
    absolutism

November 14, 1665
• Treaty of Brömsebro
August 13, 1645
• Treaty of Roskilde
February 26, 1658
• Treaty of Kiel
January 14, 1814
• Congress of Vienna
September 1814 – June 1815
Area
1780b487,476 km2 (188,216 sq mi)
Population
• 1645c
1315000
• 1801d
1859000
Currency
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kalmar Union
Denmark
Kingdom of Norway (1814)
Today part of
As territory

As colonies

MonarchsEdit

  • 1524–1533: Frederick I
  • 1588–1648: Christian IV
  • 1648–1670: Frederick III
  • 1808–1814: Frederick VI

ReferencesEdit

  1. regjeringen.no (5 July 2011). "A Forerunner to the Norwegian Council of State". Government.no.
  2. "Denmark". World Statesmen. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  3. "Norway". World Statesmen. Retrieved 18 January 2015.