Emirate of Granada

Historic Iberian state (1238-1492)

The Emirate of Granada was an Islamic kingdom established in 1238. As the Reconquista was very successful after the conquest of Cordoba in 1236, the emirate officially became a tributary state in 1238 and was called the Kingdom of Granada. The Nasrid emirs and kings were responsible for building most of the palaces in the Alhambra. The taifa became a vassal state of the Christian kingdom of Castile for the next 250 years. The Nasrid sultans and kings paid tribute to the Christian kings and cooperated with them in the battle against rebellious Muslim kings under Castilian rule.

Emirate of Granada
إمارة غرﻧﺎﻃﺔ
Imarat Gharnāṭah
Coat of arms of Granada
Coat of arms
Motto: Wa lā ghāliba illā-llāh
(There is no victor but God)
Territory of the Nasrid Kingdom
Territory of the Nasrid Kingdom
StatusTributary state of the Crown of Castile
Common languagesOfficial language:
Classical Arabic
Other languages: Andalusi Arabic, Mozarabic, Berber, Ladino
Majority religion:
Minority religions:
Christianity (Roman Catholicism), Judaism
GovernmentHereditary monarchy
• 1238–1273
Mohammed I ibn Nasr
• 1487–1492
Muhammad XII
Historical eraLate Middle Ages
• Established
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Almohad Caliphate
Kingdom of Granada (Crown of Castile)
Today part of Spain



On January 2, 1492, the last Muslim leader, Muhammad XII, surrendered complete control of Granada, to Ferdinand and Isabella, after the city was besieged in the Battle of Granada.

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