Enver Halil Hoxha (Albanian pronunciation: [ɛnˈvɛɾ ˈhɔdʒa] (listen); 16 October 1908 – 11 April 1985) was an Albanian politician who was the prime minister of Albania from 1944 until his death in 1985. His title was First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania. He was a Communist dictator.
|First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania|
8 November 1941 – 11 April 1985
|Succeeded by||Ramiz Alia|
|2nd Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the People's Republic of Albania|
24 October 1944 – 18 July 1954
|Preceded by||Ibrahim Biçakçiu (as Prime Minister of Albania)|
|Succeeded by||Mehmet Shehu|
|Born||16 October 1908|
Ergiri (Gjirokastër), Janina Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
|Died||11 April 1985 (aged 76)|
Tirana, People's Socialist Republic of Albania
|Political party||Party of Labour of Albania|
Hoxha was born in Gjirokastër, a city in southern Albania (then under the Ottoman Empire) that has been home to many prominent families. He was the son of Halil Hoxha, a Bektashi Tosk cloth merchant who traveled widely across Europe and the United States and Gjylihan (Gjylo) Hoxha. He was raised a member of a wealthy Muslim family of landowners and merchants. He went to the best schools in Albania in the 1920s. He was given one of the few scholarships to a foreign college. In 1931 he attended the University of Montpellier in France. He lost his scholarship in 1934 for poor performance and moved to Paris.
- 40 Years of Socialist Albania, Dhimiter Picani
- "Enver Hoxha: Prime Minister of Albania". Encyclopædia Britannica.
- Balkan Strongmen: Dictators and Authoritarian Rulers of South Eastern Europe ed. Bernd Jürgen Fischer (West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 2007), pp. 241–242
- Gillian Gloyer, Albania (Chalfont St. Peter: Bradt Travel Guides, 2012), p. 16
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Enver Hoxha.|
| Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Albania
| Minister of Foreign Affairs of Albania