Ethiopia–United States relations

international diplomacy

The United States of America and the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia diplomatic relations has gone through decades and through multiple regime changes and billions of dollars of support. Since a new Prime Minister has entered the U.S attitude towards Ethiopia has drastically changed. The U.S government during the TPLF supported the dictator regime and forgetting its human rights violations according to reports.[1][2]

TPLF Era relationsEdit

Bush and MelesEdit

 
Meles Zenawi with George W. Bush

President Bush had a strong relationship with Meles Zenawi. He once claimed to have over 90 precent of the votes while millions disapproved his leadership. The Bush administration didn't care about Meles's abuses and the human rights violations nor tried to make Ethiopia a freer society but only diplomacy mattered for the horn of Africa and the Bush administrations interests.[3][4][5]

Haile Mariam and ObamaEdit

 
Hailemariam Desalegn and Obama seen discussing

Barack Obama the 44th President of the United States visited Ethiopia as the first sitting U.S President ever to. But the visit included Obama's remarks on human rights. The President also mentioned the regime to be a democratically elected government which sparked outrage with most Ethiopians due to the fact the TPLF was by far opposite from a democratically elected government which later on caused a huge protest which caused the demise and downfall of the regime terrorist organization. Obama had stayed in the city for a 2-day state visit[6][7][8][9][10][11]

Abiy Administration Era relationsEdit

The U.S under the Abiy admin has had a negative U.S relations. It was from the start of receiving the Nobel Peace Prize when the President criticized Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed by being awarded the Prize which later Abiy responded and said the decisions were up to the Nobel committee and not him and he should have the problem with the Nobel committee. And 2020 the U.S president said it's a very dangerous situation because Egypt is not going to be able to live that way". Referring to the GERD Dam on the Blue Nile which originates from Ethiopia and under Ethiopian jurisdiction. The President also added and said Egypt will “blow up” the 5-billion-dollar dam. This sparked outrage and caused many to denounce it and even the Ethiopian government showed its huge disapproval. Later on, sanctions were being imposed on the country for not allowing Egypt to have the upper hand on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Project on the Blue Nile, but later on these sanctions were moved away and Ethiopia was allowed getting the decades old aid again. [12] [13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23]

BidenEdit

Under Joe Biden the U.S State Department designated Ethiopia as a not to travel level 4 country. This was due to civil unrest and armed conflicts which are mostly in the north and hundreds of miles outside of the capital Addis Ababa. The Abiy- Biden relation might be even worse as Biden accused Ethiopia in the UN General assembly. And multiple calls for cease fire in the worn torn north of the country but the government of Ethiopia saying they will not negotiate with terrorists. Biden in January the 11th made his first call with Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and exchanged views on the war in the northern region of the country. People have also aligned Biden with supporting the TPLF a terrorist organization.[24] [25] [26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Korybko, Andrew (October 14, 2021). "Analyzing The American Hybrid War on Ethiopia". Zehabesha. Retrieved October 14, 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. Narang, Akshay (October 29, 2021). "To understand the Ethiopian war, one must understand Eritrea". TFI Global News. Retrieved October 29, 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. Wachter, Paul (February 15, 2007). "Bush's Somalia Strategy Enables an Ethiopian Despot". The Nation. Retrieved February 26, 2007.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. Malone, Barry (May 24, 2010). "Timeline: From bush to PM, the rise of Meles Zenawi". Reuters. Retrieved May 10, 2010.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. Maasho, Aaron (August 12, 2012). "Ethiopia's Zenawi rose from bush war fighter to towering political figure". Alarabiya News. Retrieved August 12, 2012.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. "Barack Obama makes first visit to Ethiopia by serving US president". The Guardian. July 25, 2015. Retrieved July 25, 2015.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. O'FLYNN, ELAINE (July 27, 2015). "Obama defends controversial visit to Ethiopia as he is accused of putting US business interests ahead of human rights". Daily Mail. Retrieved July 27, 2015.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. "OBAMA IN ETHIOPIA – WHAT A VISIT!". Addis Fortune.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. Smith, David (July 27, 2015). "Obama criticised for calling Ethiopia's government 'democratically elected'". The Guardian. Retrieved July 27, 2015.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. Holmes, Kristen (June 19, 2015). "Obama to be first sitting U.S. President to visit Ethiopia". CNN. Retrieved June 19, 2015.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. "Obama visits Kenya and Ethiopia". CNN. July 28, 2015. Retrieved July 28, 2015.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. "'I Saved a Country': Donald Trump Claims Hand in Ethiopia PM's Nobel Peace Prize". News 18. January 10, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. "Donald Trump says He Deserve the Nobel Peace Prize, Not Ethiopia's Abiy Ahmed". Tesfa News. January 10, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  14. "Trump says he deserves Nobel Peace Prize not Abiy Ahmed". BBC. January 10, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. "Trump comment on 'blowing up' Nile Dam angers Ethiopia". BBC. October 24, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. Mariam, Alemayehu (October 24, 2020). "Donald Trump's Bluster to Blow Up the Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam: A Threat Made by a Clown Full of Sound and Fury, Signifying Nothing!". ECAD Forum. Retrieved October 24, 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. "Ethiopia: Trump Calls for Egypt to Bomb Ethiopia Dam". All Africa. October 20, 2020. Retrieved October 30, 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. MESERET, ELIAS (October 24, 2020). "Ethiopia blasts Trump remark that Egypt will 'blow up' dam". ABC. Retrieved October 24, 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. Ezzeldin, Ezzeldin (October 23, 2020). "Trump: Egypt May Blow up GERD at Some Point". Sada Elbalad English. Retrieved October 23, 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  20. "Trouble as Trump dives into the dispute over Ethiopia's Nile mega-dam". DW.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. "Ethiopia denounces Trump for INCITING WAR by saying Egypt will 'BLOW UP' disputed Blue Nile dam project". RT. October 24, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  22. "Ethiopia Blasts Trump Remark That Egypt Will 'Blow Up' Dam". VOA by AP. October 25, 2020. Retrieved October 25, 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  23. Moamar, Ahmed (February 11, 2021). "Biden Cancels Trump's Sanctions on Ethiopia over GERD". See. Retrieved February 11, 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. "Ethiopia Travel Advisory". Travel.State.Gov. January 10, 2022. Retrieved January 10, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  25. "News: In first phone call with Abiy, Biden renews plea for negotiated ceasefire, humanitarian access; Abiy says discussion "candid"". Addis Standard. January 11, 2022. Retrieved January 11, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  26. Tadesse, Helen (January 11, 2022). "PM Abiy Holds Phone Talks with President Biden". Walta. Retrieved January 11, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  27. "Biden raises concerns over air strikes in call with Ethiopia's Abiy". Reuters. January 11, 2022. Retrieved January 11, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ANNA, CARA (January 11, 2022). "Ethiopian drone strike kills 17 on day of Biden-Abiy call". ABC. Retrieved January 11, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  29. "Readout of President Biden's Call with Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia". White House. January 10, 2022. Retrieved January 11, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  30. "Ethiopia: Biden and PM Abiy discuss deescalating Tigray conflict". DW.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  31. "Ethiopian Drone Strike Kills 17 on Day of Biden-Abiy Call". The Epoch Times. January 12, 2022. Retrieved January 12, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  32. "Biden raises concerns about Ethiopia conflict in call with Abiy". Aljazeera. January 10, 2022. Retrieved January 10, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  33. Sisodia, Abhyoday (November 6, 2021). "Ethiopia enters endgame as the US goes all out to destabilise it". TFI Global News. Retrieved November 6, 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  34. "PM Abiy Holds Telephone Conversation with U.S President Biden". ENA. January 9, 2022. Retrieved January 9, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  35. Walsh, Declan (January 11, 2022). "On Day Biden Calls Ethiopia's Leader to Urge Peace, a Drone Strike Kills 17". The New York Times. Retrieved January 11, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  36. Kottasová and Pokharel, Ivana and Sugam (January 10, 2022). "Biden raises concerns with Ethiopia's Abiy over Tigray air strikes, urges ceasefire". CNN. Retrieved January 10, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

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