Ferdinand III of Habsburg

Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1608-1657)

Ferdinand III (baptised as Ferdinand Ernest; 13 July 1608 in Graz – 2 April 1657 in Vienna) was Archduke of Austria from 1621, King of Hungary from 1625, King of Croatia and Bohemia from 1627 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1637 to 1657.

Ferdinand III
Portrait by Jan van den Hoecke (1643)
Holy Roman Emperor
Reign18 November 1637 – 2 April 1657
Coronation18 November 1637
PredecessorFerdinand II
SuccessorLeopold I
Born13 July 1608
Graz, Styria
Died2 April 1657(1657-04-02) (aged 48)
Vienna, Austria
Full name
Ferdinand Ernst
FatherFerdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherMaria Anna of Bavaria
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureFerdinand III's signature



Early life


Ferdinand was born in Graz and grew up in Carinthia, he is the third son of Emperor Ferdinand II of Habsburg. He received education and training from the Jesuits. After the deaths of his brothers Karl (1603) and Johann Karl (1619), he became the successor of his father.[2]


  1. Ferdinand III., der Wiederhersteller der Prager Universität. Eine hist. Skizze. na. 1835. pp. 1–.
  2. Vacha, Brigitte, ed. (1992). Die Habsburger. Eine europäische Familiengeschichte. Wien: Styria. p. 221. ISBN 978-3222121074.