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Graz is a city in Austria and capital of Styria.

Graz
The Schlossberg (Castle Hill) with the clock tower (Uhrturm), as seen from town hall
The Schlossberg (Castle Hill) with the clock tower (Uhrturm), as seen from town hall
Coat of arms of Graz
Coat of arms
Graz is located in Austria
Graz
Graz
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°4′N 15°26′E / 47.067°N 15.433°E / 47.067; 15.433Coordinates: 47°4′N 15°26′E / 47.067°N 15.433°E / 47.067; 15.433
CountryAustria
StateStyria
DistrictStatutory city
Government
 • MayorSiegfried Nagl (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total127.57 km2 (49.26 sq mi)
Elevation
353 m (1,158 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total289,440
 • Density2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
A-801x, A-802x, A-803x, A-804x, A-805x
Area code+43 316
Vehicle registrationG
Websitewww.graz.at
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameCity of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg
CriteriaCultural: ii, iv
Reference931
Inscription1999 (23rd Session)
Extensions2000

After Vienna, Graz has the second highest number of people living in the city. In 2014 the city and surrounding areas had 605,143 people. The city has six universities.

HistoryEdit

The oldest reference to Graz in historical documents is from 1128. In 1379 Graz became the capital of Inner Austria. (Inner Austria included Styria, Carinthia, Krain, Inner Istria and Trieste.) The Roman Empire used Graz as a stronghold to defend against enemies on the southeast. Two of the buildings created at that period (Glockenturm which is a clock tower, and Uhrturm which is a bell tower) have become landmarks of Graz.[3]

The Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg is named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. http://www1.graz.at/Statistik/Bev%C3%B6lkerung/aktuelles_quartal.pdf.
  3. "A short history of Graz". Graz Online. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
  4. "City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 May 2017.

Other websitesEdit