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Gran Colombia

former republic

Gran Colombia was a country formed after New Granada declared independence in 1819. The rebels, led by Simon Bolivar, defeated the Spanish Empire but then fought among themselves. In 1831 Venezuela and Ecuador, being the eastern and southern part of the country, declared independence from Gran Colombia. After that the remaining territory is just called Colombia. Decades later, Panama also became independent from Colombia.

Republic of Colombia
República de Colombia
Flag (1821–1822)
Coat of arms (1821–31)
Coat of arms
Marcha Libertadora
(Liberation March)
Gran Colombia
Capital Bogotá
Languages Spanish
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Federal Republic
 •  1819–30 Simón Bolívar
 •  1830, 1831 Domingo Caycedo
 •  1830, 1831 Joaquín Mosquera
 •  1830–31 Rafael Urdaneta
Vice Presidents
 •  1819–20 Francisco Antonio Zea
 •  1820–21 Juan Germán Roscio
 •  1821 Antonio Nariño y Álvarez
 •  1821 José María del Castillo
 •  1821–27 Francisco de Paula Santander
 •  1830–31 Domingo Caycedo
Legislature Congress
 •  Upper Chamber Senate
 •  Lower Chamber Chamber of Representatives
 •  Established December 17[1] 1821
 •  Constitution of Cúcuta August 30, 1821
 •  Colombia – Peru War 1828–1829
 •  Disestablished November 19, 1831
Currency Piastra
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Viceroyalty of New Granada
Captaincy General of Venezuela
Third Republic of Venezuela
Republic of New Granada
State of Venezuela
British Guiana
Today part of  Brazil


  1. Bethell, Leslie (1985). The Cambridge History of Latin America. Cambridge University Press. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-521-23224-1. Retrieved September 6, 2011.