The Grand Tour was the name of travel through Europe by rich European (mostly British) young men between 1660 until about 1840. It was done to learn about European society and art. The idea was that what they learned on their travels could be used to help those that stayed at home. Italy was often the final country to visit. They would mostly travel with servants and a teacher called a bear-leader.
Example Grand Tour change
Which places the Grand Tour would visit  changed through the years. An example would be a British tourist would go from Dover, England and crossed the English Channel to Ostend, in the Spanish Netherlands/Belgium, or Calais, or Le Havre in France.
Once in Italy the tourist would visit Turin, then might spend a few months in Florence. Other Grand Tourists would be in Florence to welcome him. A trip to Pisa then on to Padua, Bologna, and Venice.
- See Fussell (1987), Buzard (2002), Bohls and Duncan (2005)
- Ostend was the initial starting point for William Beckford on the continent.
- The Registro dei viaggiatori inglesi in Italia, 1618-1765, consists of 2038 autograph signatures of English and Scottish visitors, some of them scholars, to be sure. (J. Isaacs, "The Earl of Rochester's Grand Tour" The Review of English Studies 3. 9 [January 1927:75-76]).
- Redford, Bruce. Venice and the Grand Tour. Yale University Press: 1996.
- Eglin, John. Venice Transfigured: The Myth of Venice in British Culture, 1660-1797. Macmillan: 2001.
Other websites change
- The Grand Tour Archived 2020-07-23 at the Wayback Machine
- Grand Tour online at the Getty Museum
- In Our Time: The Grand Tour: Jeremy Black, Edward Chaney and Chloe Chard.
- "Grand Tour" an exhibition project of the Swedish artist Matts Leiderstam Archived 2018-08-25 at the Wayback Machine
- Voyagers and Voyeurs - Travellers in 19th century France, an anthology
- Contemporary Grand Tour in Italy, Pictures and quotes
- Digging and Dealing in Eighteenth Century Rome[permanent dead link]