Henry V of England

King of England from 1413 to 1422

Henry V (16 Henry V, or Henry of Monmouth (September 1386 – 31 August 1422), was the King of England from 1413 to 1422. He was born at Monmouth, Wales. It is not known whether he was born on 9 August 1386 or 16 September 1387. But what we know for sure is that Henry V is the second Lancastrian king of England.

Henry of Monmouth
Miniature in the Regement of Princes by Thomas Hoccleve, c. 1411–1413
King of England
Reign21 March 1413 – 31 August 1422
Coronation9 April 1413
PredecessorHenry IV
SuccessorHenry VI
RegentCatherine of Valois (1421-1422) While In France
Born16 September 1386
Monmouth Castle, Wales
Died31 August 1422 (aged 35)
Château de Vincennes, France
Burial7 November 1422
IssueHenry VI of England
Full name
Henry Monmouth Of Lancaster, 4th Duke Of Lancaster
HouseLancaster (Plantagenet
FatherHenry IV of England
MotherMary de Bohun
SignatureHenry of Monmouth's signature

Henry V was the son of Henry Bolingbroke, later Henry IV, and Mary de Bohun, who died before Bolingbroke became king.

Henry IV was very unpopular, because he was actually not the rightful man to the throne. But his son, Henry V became greatly favoured by his people. Before in the war between England and Wales, he and his father had fought the 'Prince of Wales', Glyndwen. After the death of Henry IV, Henry V pardoned him, and went to fight France, claiming that he should be the king of France.

A few decades ago, England had started a century-long war, the 'Hundred Years War' with France. Henry IV had cut the conflict and switched to fighting at home, at the border of Wales. After resuming the war at France, he defeated the French at the famous Battle of Agincourt in 1415. Shakespeare wrote a play about that and made him important in other plays too.

Henry V was important in British politics too. He had created a court system to solve crimes, cases and arguments in justice. Many people liked this democracy. He was also a brilliant military general, who won many battles and ingeniusly defeated armies that were far larger than his. Unfortunately, the next king, his infant heir Henry VI, lost all his gains after he died, and turned England to a chaotic nation. But that is another story.