Imperial Japanese Army

ground-based armed forces of Japan, from 1868 to 1945

The Imperial Japanese Army (Japanese ; 大日本帝国陸軍, Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun), also known as the IJA, was the army of Imperial Japan from 1868 to 1945.[1] The army was under the command of Emperor Meiji from 1868-1912, Emperor Taishō from 1912-1926 and Emperor Hirohito from 1926-1945 .

The IJA was started after the Meiji Restoration in 1868, replacing the Samurai. It was abolished at the end of World War II in 1945.[2]

The army was involved in many Wars : Boshin War (1868-1869) Invasion Of Taiwan (1874) Shinpuren Rebellion (1876) Satsuma Rebellion (1877) First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) Invasion Of Taiwan (1895) Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901) Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) World War 1 (1914-1918) Siberian Intervention (1918-1922) Japanese Invasion Of Manchuria (1931) Soviet-Japanese Border Conflict (1932-1939) Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) Battle of Khalkhin Gol (1939) World War 2 (1941-1945) .

LegacyEdit

Article 9 of the Constitution of Japan prohibits the use of aggressive force as a means for settling international disputes.[3]

In order to defend Japan, if necessary, the Japan Self-Defense Forces (JSDF) was formed.[4]

The ground-reach of JSDF is the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF).[5]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Rikugun-shō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 790.
  2. Library of Congress Country Studies, Japan (LOC), "World War II and the Occupation, 1941-52". Retrieved 2012-2-22. Archived 2007-07-12 at the Wayback Machine
  3. LOC, "The Article 9 'No War' Clause". Retrieved 2012-2-22.
  4. LOC, "The Self-Defence Forces" (JSDF). Retrieved 2012-2-22.
  5. LOC, "Ground Self-Defense Force" (JMSDF). Retrieved 2012-2-22.

Other websitesEdit