Jōkyō (貞享) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Tenna and before Genroku. This period started in February 1684 and ended in September 1688. During this time, the emperors were Reigen-tennō (霊元天皇) and Higashiyama-tennō (東山天皇).
Events of the Jōkyō eraEdit
The new era of Jōkyō gannen (貞享元年) was created by the Imperial court. After 1684, the power to create a calendar shifted to the shogunate. The Tokugawa astrology bureau developed a calendar which was independent of Chinese almanacs.
- 1684 (Jōkyō 1): A fire burned the Imperial palace to ashes; and the reconstruction took a year.
- 26 March 1685 (Jōkyō 2, 22nd day of the 2nd month): The former Emperor Go-Sai died; and a large comet appeared in the night sky.
- 13 April 1686 (Jōkyō 3, 21st day of the 3rd month): Emperor Reigen abdicated; and his younger brother received the succession (senso). Soon after, Emperor Higashiyama's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 1689 (Jōkyō 6'): Calendar with seven-day week.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Jōkyō" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 431.
- Nussbaum, "Reigen Tennō," p. 785.
- Nussbaum, "Higashiyama Tennō," p. 310; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 414-415.
- Murdoch, James. (1996). A History of Japan, pp. 185-186.
- Nussbaum, "Jōkyō-reki," p. 431; Fiévé, Nicolas. Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective, p. 236.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794–1869, p. 342.
- Calvet, Robert. (2003). Les Japonais, p. 182.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 後西天皇 (111); retrieved 2012-5-27.
- Titsingh, p. 415.
- Titsingh, p. 415; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-29.
- Cork, Jessica Kennett. (2010). The Lunisolar Calendar: A Sociology of Japanese Time, p. 17.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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