Japanese era from November 1681 to April 1684

Tenna (天和) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Enpō and before Jōkyō. This period started in September 1681 and ended in February 1684.[1] During this time, the emperor was Reigen-tennō (霊元天皇).[2]

The nengō Tenna means "Peace of Heaven".[3]

Events of the Tenna eraEdit

In the 3rd year of Tenna, Mitusi opens for business on Surugacho (Suruga Street) in Edo
  • 5 February 1681 (Tenna 1, 28th day of the 12th month): The Great Tenna Fire in Edo.[5]
  • 1681 (Tenna 2): A famine afflicts Heian-kyō and the nearby areas.[5]
  • 1683 (Tenna 3): Tokugawa shogunate grants permission for Mitsui money exchanges (ryōgaeten) to open in Edo.[6]

In Tenna, the first book was written about the coins of Japan. The work was entitled Classified Collection of Coins (Kwacho Kuien).[8]

Related pagesEdit


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric.. (2005). "Tenna," Japan Encyclopedia, p. 959.
  2. Nussbaum, "Reigen Tennō," p. 785; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 414-415.
  3. Jenkins, Donald. (1971). Ukiyo-e Prints and Paintings: the Primitive Period, 1680-1745, p. 21.
  4. Titsingh, p. 414.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Titsingh, p. 415.
  6. Hiroshi Shinjō. (1962). History of the Yen: 100 Years of Japanese Money-economy, p. 11.
  7. Bodart-Bailey, Beatrice. (2006). The Dog Shogun: The Personality and Policies of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, p. 183.
  8. Munro, Neil Gordon. (1904). The Coins of Japan, p. xviii.

Other websitesEdit

Tenna 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
1681 1682 1683 1684
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: