The Jubilee line is a line on the London Underground. It runs from Stanmore in north-west London to Stratford in east London. The colour of the Jubilee line on tube maps is grey.
|Colour on map||Silver|
|Depot(s)||Neasden, Stratford Market|
|Rolling stock||1996 Stock|
|Ridership||213.554 million (2011/12) passenger journeys|
|Opened||1 May 1979|
|Line length||36.2 km (22.5 mi)|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
The line opened on 1 May 1979, taking over one of the Bakerloo Line's two branches to relieve the main part of the line. To the Baker Street to Stanmore part a new four-kilometre part into central London was added, terminating at a new station at Charing Cross railway station.
The old Charing Cross station, on the Circle, District, Bakerloo and Northern lines, was renamed Embankment. The new Charing Cross tube station created a new interchange, from the stations of Strand on the Northern Line and Trafalgar Square on the Bakerloo.
The Jubilee Line of 1979 was to be the first part of the project, but because of the lack of money the line stayed the same until the late 1990s. Phase 2 would have extended the line along Fleet Street to stations at Aldwych, Ludgate Circus, Cannon Street, Fenchurch Street, St Katherine's Dock, Wapping and then under the River Thames to New Cross, terminating at Lewisham. An alternative plan was created in the late 1970s to extend the Jubilee Line in parallel with the River Thames, this would taken the Line from Wapping to Thamesmead Via Surrey Docks North, Canary Wharf, North Greenwich, Custom House, Silvertown, Woolwich Arsenal and to Thamesmead. However the 'river line' extension as it was called was too expensive and construction of the extension never started.
Changes in land use, particularly the new areas in the Docklands area, caused the project to change considerably in the 1990s. The Jubilee Line Extension, opened in three stages in 1999, split from the existing line at Green Park, creating a one-station branch to Charing Cross, which is now closed (although it is still sometimes opened for occasional use as a film set). With the extension, the Jubilee Line is the only line on the London Underground network that crosses all other lines.
When the Jubilee Line was opened, it was run with 1972 trains. In 1984 the 1972 trains were replaced by the new 1983 trains. The old 1972 Stock were used on the Northern Line. The 1983 trains proved to be unreliable in service, with their single doors making passenger loading and unloading slower than on other trains with wider doors. With the opening of the Jubilee Line Extension, the opportunity was taken to introduce new trains, and today the line is worked by 1996 trains.
- Terminus: Stanmore opened December 10, 1932.
- Canons Park, opened December 10, 1932 (as Canons Park (Edgware)); renamed 1933.
- Queensbury, opened December 16, 1934.
- Kingsbury, opened December 10, 1932.
- Wembley Park opened October 14, 1893.
- Neasden, opened August 2, 1880.
- Dollis Hill, opened October 1, 1909.
- Willesden Green, opened November 24, 1879.
- Kilburn, opened November 24, 1879 (as Kilburn & Brondesbury); renamed September 25, 1950.
- West Hampstead, opened June 30, 1879.
- Finchley Road, opened June 30, 1879.
- Swiss Cottage, opened November 20, 1939.
- St. John's Wood, opened November 20, 1939.
- Baker Street, opened May 1, 1979.
- Bond Street, opened May 1, 1979.
- Green Park, opened May 1, 1979.
- Charing Cross (former terminus), opened May 1, 1979; closed November 19, 1999
- Westminster, opened December 22, 1999.
- Waterloo, opened September 24, 1999.
- Southwark, opened November 20, 1999.
- London Bridge, opened October 7, 1999.
- Bermondsey, opened September 17, 1999.
- Canada Water, opened September 17, 1999.
- Canary Wharf, opened September 17, 1999.
- North Greenwich, opened May 14, 1999.
- Canning Town, opened May 14, 1999.
- West Ham, opened May 14, 1999.
- Terminus: Stratford, opened May 14, 1999.
- Jubilee Line Archived 2006-12-30 at the Wayback Machine, London Underground website
- Clive's UndergrounD Line Guides - Jubilee Line
- Michael Pead :: Photos of Stratford Market Depot
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