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Jubilee line

London Underground line

The Jubilee line is a line on the London Underground. It runs from Stanmore in north-west London to Stratford in east London. The colour of the Jubilee line on tube maps is grey.

Jubilee
Jubilee line flag box.png
Colour on map Grey [1]
Year opened 1979
Line type Deep Level
Rolling stock 1996 Tube Stock
Stations served 27
Length 36.2 km (22.5 mi)
Depots Neasden, Stratford Market[2]
Passenger journeys made 213.554 million (2011/12) [3]

HistoryEdit

 
A train at Green Park station.
 
Canada Water tube station
 
Train at Dollis Hill
 
Jubilee Line platform at Westminster station.

The line opened on 1 May 1979, taking over one of the Bakerloo Line's two branches to relieve the main part of the line. To the Baker Street to Stanmore part a new four-kilometre part into central London was added, terminating at a new station at Charing Cross railway station.

The old Charing Cross station, on the Circle, District, Bakerloo and Northern lines, was renamed Embankment. The new Charing Cross tube station created a new interchange, from the stations of Strand on the Northern Line and Trafalgar Square on the Bakerloo.

The Jubilee Line of 1979 was to be the first part of the project, but because of the lack of money the line stayed the same until the late 1990s. Phase 2 would have extended the line along Fleet Street to stations at Aldwych, Ludgate Circus, Cannon Street, Fenchurch Street, St Katherine's Dock, Wapping and then under the River Thames to New Cross, terminating at Lewisham. An alternative plan was created in the late 1970s to extend the Jubilee Line in parallel with the River Thames, this would taken the Line from Wapping to Thamesmead Via Surrey Docks North, Canary Wharf, North Greenwich, Custom House, Silvertown, Woolwich Arsenal and to Thamesmead. However the 'river line' extension as it was called was too expensive and construction of the extension never started.

Changes in land use, particularly the new areas in the Docklands area, caused the project to change considerably in the 1990s. The Jubilee Line Extension, opened in three stages in 1999, split from the existing line at Green Park, creating a one-station branch to Charing Cross, which is now closed (although it is still sometimes opened for occasional use as a film set). With the extension, the Jubilee Line is the only line on the London Underground network that crosses all other lines.

TrainsEdit

 
the inside of a 1996 train.

When the Jubilee Line was opened, it was run with 1972 trains. In 1984 the 1972 trains were replaced by the new 1983 trains. The old 1972 Stock were used on the Northern Line. The 1983 trains proved to be unreliable in service, with their single doors making passenger loading and unloading slower than on other trains with wider doors. With the opening of the Jubilee Line Extension, the opportunity was taken to introduce new trains, and today the line is worked by 1996 trains.

MapEdit

 


StationsEdit

Jubilee line
Stanmore
Stanmore sidings
Canons Park
Queensbury
Kingsbury
Metropolitan line
via Harrow-on-the-Hill
 
Wembley Park  
Neasden
Dollis Hill
Willesden Green
Kilburn
West Hampstead   12px
 
Finchley Road  
Metropolitan line
to Aldgate
Swiss Cottage
St. John's Wood
to Bakerloo line
southbound tunnel
Baker Street        
from Bakerloo line
northbound tunnel
Bond Street  
Green Park    
Charing Cross (   )
line ends short of Aldwych
Westminster     
River Thames
Waterloo         12px
Southwark
London Bridge     12px
Bermondsey
Canada Water  
River Thames
Canary Wharf  
River Thames
North Greenwich    
provision for branch to
Royal Docks and Thamesmead
River Thames
Canning Town  
West Ham       12px
Stratford Market depot
Stratford         12px

ReferencesEdit

  1. Corporate Grey (Pantone 430)
  2. "London Underground Key Facts". Transport for London. Retrieved 21 May 2008.
  3. "LU Performance Data Almanac". Transport for London. 2011/12. Retrieved 1 August 2012. Check date values in: |year= (help)

Other websitesEdit