The Piccadilly line is a line of the London Underground. It is coloured dark blue on the Tube map. It is the fifth busiest line on the Underground network judged by the number of passengers transported per year. It is mainly a deep-level line, running from the north to the west of London via Zone 1. However, there are a number of surface sections mostly in its westernmost parts. Out of the 53 stations served, 25 are underground. It is the second longest line on the system, after the Central Line.
A Piccadilly line train at Russell Square
|Ridership||210.169 million (2011/12) passenger journeys|
|Colour on map||Dark blue|
|Opened||15 December 1906|
|Rolling stock||1973 Stock|
|Line length||71 km (44 mi)|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
Like most Underground lines, the Piccadilly line is operated by a single type of rolling stock. In this case it is the 1973 tube stock. The trains are painted in the standard London Underground livery of blue, white and red. Seventy-six trains out of a fleet of 88 are needed to run the line's peak service. One unit (166-566-366) was severely damaged by the terrorist attack of 7 July 2005. The stock was recently refurbished, and was due for replacement by 2014, but the order for new trains was cancelled in July 2010.
The line has two depots, at Northfields55 map 55 and Cockfosters.54 map 54 There are sidings at Oakwood, South Harrow, Arnos Grove, Rayners Lane, Down Street, Wood Green, Acton Town, Ruislip and Uxbridge.
The line is controlled from the control centre at Earl's Court, which it used to share with the District line. It is in need of resignalling, and this work is planned to be carried out by 2014.
The current off-peak service pattern is:
- 6 trains per hour Cockfosters – Heathrow Terminal 5 (via Terminals 1, 2, 3)
- 6 trains per hour Cockfosters – Heathrow Terminal 4 (returning around the loop and serving Terminals 1, 2, 3)
- 3 trains per hour Cockfosters – Uxbridge
- 3 trains per hour Cockfosters – Rayners Lane
- 6 trains per hour Arnos Grove – Northfields
Often late evening services terminate at Oakwood instead of Cockfosters.
Trains will also make an additional stop at Turnham Green during early mornings and late evenings but will not stop at the station during the main part of the day.
Other services operate at times, especially at the start and towards the end of the traffic day.
Easier Versions can be found http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/standard-tube-map.gif
(In order from east to west.)
|Cockfosters||31 July 1933||One of the two depots is located here1 map 1|
|Oakwood||13 March 1933||Opened as Enfield West; renamed Enfield West Oakwood 3 May 1934; renamed 1 September 19462 map 2|
|Southgate||13 March 1933||in deep-level tunnel3 map 3|
|Arnos Grove||19 September 1932||Trains may terminate here: there are several sidings for stabling trains4 map 4|
|Tunnel section commences|
|Bounds Green||19 September 1932||5 map 5|
|Wood Green||19 September 1932||6 map 6|
|Turnpike Lane||19 September 1932||7 map 7|
|Manor House||19 September 1932||8 map 8|
|Finsbury Park||15 December 1906||9 map 9|
|Arsenal||15 December 1906||Opened as Gillespie Road; renamed Arsenal (Highbury Hill) 31 October 1932; the suffix was later dropped in 196010 map 10|
|Holloway Road||15 December 1906||11 map 11|
|Caledonian Road||15 December 1906||12 map 12|
|King's Cross St. Pancras||15 December 1906||Opened as King's Cross; renamed King's Cross for St. Pancras 1927; renamed 193313 map 13|
|Russell Square||15 December 1906||14 map 14|
|Holborn||15 December 1906||Renamed Holborn (Kingsway) 22 May 1933; the suffix was later dropped.15 map 15|
|Covent Garden||11 April 1907||16 map 16|
|Leicester Square||15 December 1906||17 map 17|
|Piccadilly Circus||15 December 1906||18 map 18|
|Green Park||15 December 1906||Opened as Dover Street; renamed 18 September 193319 map 19|
|Hyde Park Corner||15 December 1906||In the event of disruption, trains may terminate here via a crossover20 map 20|
|Knightsbridge||15 December 1906||21 map 21|
|South Kensington||8 January 1907||22 map 22|
|Gloucester Road||15 December 1906||23 map 23|
|Earl's Court||15 December 1906||24 map 24|
|Tunnel section ends|
|Barons Court||15 December 1906||25 map 25|
|Hammersmith||15 December 1906||26 map 26|
Extension to Hounslow and UxbridgeEdit
|Extension to Hounslow and Uxbridge|
|Turnham Green||1 January 1869||Originally the London and South Western Railway; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 June 196327 map 27|
|Acton Town||1 July 1879||Originally the Metropolitan District Railway, later District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 193228 map 28|
|The line splits here into two branches – the Heathrow branch and the Uxbridge branch.|
|Continuing from Acton Town|
|South Ealing||1 May 1883||Originally the Metropolitan District Railway, later District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 29 April 193529 map 29|
|Northfields||16 April 1908||Originally the District line (one of the two depots is here and some trains terminate here); first served by the Piccadilly line 9 January 193330 map 30|
|Boston Manor||1 May 1883||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 193331 map 31|
|Osterley||23 March 1934||32 map 32|
|Hounslow East||2 May 1909||Opened as Hounslow Town by the District line renamed 1 December 1925; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 193333 map 33|
|Hounslow Central||1 April 1886||Opened as Heston-Hounslow by the District line, renamed 1 December 1925; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 193334 map 34|
|Tunnel section recommences|
|Hounslow West||21 July 1884||Opened as Hounslow Barracks by the District line, renamed 1 December 1925; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 1933, resited 19 July 197535 map 35|
|Hatton Cross||19 July 1975||36 map 36|
|Heathrow Terminal 4||12 April 1986||37 map 37|
|Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, 3||16 December 1977||Opened as Heathrow Central; renamed Heathrow Central Terminals 1,2,3 on 3 September 1983; renamed 12 April 198638 map 38|
|Heathrow Terminal 5||27 March 2008||39 map 39|
Just beyond Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, 3 tube station, the line goes into a new section to serve Heathrow Terminal 5 tube station, which opened in March 2008. Half of all Heathrow trains use the loop and serve Terminal 4 and the other half omit Terminal 4 and serve Terminal 5.
|Continuing from Acton Town|
|Ealing Common||1 July 1879||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 193240 map 40|
|North Ealing||23 June 1903||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 193241 map 41|
|Park Royal||6 July 1931||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932; renamed Park Royal (Hanger Hill) 1 March 1936; renamed 194742 map 42|
|Alperton||28 June 1903||Opened as Perivale-Alperton by the District line; renamed 7 October 1910; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 193243 map 43|
|Sudbury Town||28 June 1903||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 193244 map 44|
|Sudbury Hill ( Sudbury Hill Harrow)||28 June 1903||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 193245 map 45|
|South Harrow||28 June 1903||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932; closed when re-located 4 July 1935; re-opened 5 July 193546 map 46|
|Rayners Lane||1 March 1910||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933 (from here to Uxbridge trains share track with Metropolitan line, and some trains terminate here)47 map 47|
|Eastcote||1 March 1910||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 193348 map 48|
|Ruislip Manor||5 August 1912||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 193349 map 49|
|Ruislip||1 March 1910||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933 (some trains terminate here in Monday-Friday peak hours)50 map 50|
|Ickenham||1 March 1910||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 193351 map 51|
|Hillingdon||10 December 1923||Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933; renamed Hillingdon (Swakeleys) April 1934; the suffix was later dropped; closed when re-located 5 December 1992; re-opened 6 December 199252 map 52|
|Uxbridge||1 March 1910||Terminus. Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933; closed when re-located 3 December 1938; re-opened 4 December 193853 map 53|
- Aldwych opened on 30 November 1907 as the Strand tube station. It was at the end of a branch line from the main line at Holborn. An evening through-northbound 'Theatre' train ran until 1910. From 1917 onwards, it was served only by a shuttle from Holborn. In the same year it was renamed Aldwych when Charing Cross on the Northern line was renamed Strand. It was temporarily closed in 1940 during World War II to be used as an air-raid shelter. It re-opened in 1946. The possibility of extending the branch to Waterloo was discussed, but the scheme never proceeded. Aldwych was finally closed on 30 September 1994; the level of use was said to be too low to justify the £1 million in estimated costs of a complete replacement of the lifts. The station is regularly used by film makers.
- Brompton Road opened 15 December 1906; closed 30 July 1934, between Knightsbridge and South Kensington.
- Down Street opened 15 December 1906; closed 21 May 1932, between Green Park and Hyde Park Corner.
- Osterley & Spring Grove first served 13 March 1933; closed 24 March 1934 between Boston Manor and Hounslow East. It was replaced by Osterley.
- Park Royal & Twyford Abbey opened 23 June 1903; closed 5 July 1931. Although on the route of the current Piccadilly line, a short distance north of the present Park Royal station, it was never served by Piccadilly line trains. It was opened by the District line, the original operator of the line between Ealing Common and South Harrow, and was closed and replaced by the present Park Royal station before the Piccadilly line started running trains to South Harrow in 1932.
- York Road opened 15 December 1906; closed 19 September 1932, between King's Cross St Pancras and Caledonian Road. It has been suggested that this station may be reopened to serve new developments on the nearby Kings Cross railway lands, but this idea is not being progressed at present. The road the station served, 'York Road', has since been renamed 'York Way'.
The Piccadilly line was to be upgraded in 2014–15 and would have had new trains as well as new signalling. This would have increased the line's capacity by some 24%. Bids for the rolling-stock order were submitted in 2008. However, after the acquisition of Tube Lines by Transport for London in June 2010, this order was cancelled.
- "LU Performance Data Almanac". Transport for London. 2011–2012. Archived from the original on 2012-08-03. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "Tube Lines invites expressions of interest from manufacturers for new Piccadilly line trains". Tubelines. 15 January 2007. Retrieved 17 August 2007.
- Ford, Roger (October 2010). "Rolling stock famine deepens as Bombardier feasts on past orders". Modern Railways. Modern Railways. 67 (745): 22.
- "Piccadilly line's new timetable". Transport for London. 8 January 2008. Archived from the original on 27 February 2008. Retrieved 16 January 2008.
- "More Tube Lines Discussed". The Times. London. 27 April 1965.
- "York Way Station". www.alwaystouchout.com. Alwaystouchout.com. 11 January 2006. Retrieved 11 July 2008.
- "Transforming the Piccadilly Line". www.tfl.gov.uk. Transport for London. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- Barker, T.C.; Robbins, Michael (1974). A History of London Transport: Volume two – the Twentieth Century to 1970. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd. ISBN 978-0-04-385067-1.
- Croome, Desmond F. (1998). The Piccadilly Line – An Illustrated History. London: Capital Transport Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85414-192-7.
- Horne, Mike (2007). The Piccadilly Tube – A History of the First Hundred Years. London: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-305-1.
- Lee, Charles E. (1966). Sixty Years of the Piccadilly. London: London Transport.
- Lee, Charles E. (1973). The Piccadilly Line: a brief history. London: London Transport. ISBN 978-0-85329-042-1.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Piccadilly line.|
- "Piccadilly line facts". www.tfl.gov.uk. Transport for London. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- "The Piccadilly Line – History". www.krysstal.com. KryssTal. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- "Underground Journeys: Changing the face of London Underground Illustrated history of the Piccadilly line 1920-1930s". www.architecture.com. Royal Institute of British Architects. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
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