Kyōhō (享保) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Shōtoku and before Gembun. This period started in July 1716 and ended in April 1736. During this time, the emperors were Nakamikado-tennō (中御門天皇) and Sakuramachi-tennō (桜町天皇).
Events of the Kyōhō eraEdit
- 1718 (Kyōhō 3, 8th month): Shogunate creates a petition-box (目安箱, meyasubako) in Heian-kyō (Kyoto).
- 1733 (Kyōhō 18): Ginseng grown in Japan begins to be available in the Japanese food markets.
- 13 April 1735 (Kyōhō 20, 21st day of the 3rd month) : Nakamikado abdicated; and the succession passed to his son (senso). Soon after, Empress Sakuamachi's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
Noteworty coins were minted during this era, including the gold ōban and koban.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kyōhō" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 584.
- Nussbaum, "Nakamikado Tennō," p. 690.
- Nussbaum, "Sakuramachi Tennō," p. 814; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs to japon, pp. 416-417.
- Bowman, John Stewart. (2000). Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture, p. 142.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital, 794-1869, p. 320.
- Foreign Press Center. (1997). Japan: Eyes on the Country, Views of the 47 Prefectures, p. 127.
- Adams, Thomas. (1953). Japanese Securities Markets: A Historical Survey, pp. 11-12; Hayami, Akira et al. (2004) The Economic History of Japan: 1600-1990, p. 67.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan, p. 456.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 霊元天皇 (112); retrieved 2012-5-27.
- Takekoshi, Yosaburō. (1930). Economic Aspects of the History of the Civilization of Japan, p. 352.
- Meyer, p. 47.
- Titsingh, p. 417; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-30.
- Nussbaum, "Kyōhō-kingin" at p. 584.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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