List of massacres of Azerbaijanis

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The following is a list of massacres of Azerbaijanis that have occurred throughout history.

Name Date Location Perpetrators Victims (highest estimation)
Battle of Ganja (1804) February 1804 Russian Empire Ganja Russian Empire Imperial Russian Army 3,000[1][2]-7,000[3]
Armenian–Tatar (Azeri) Massacres 1905–1907 Russian Empire Baku, Ganja, Nakhchivan, Shusha, and Tbilisi Armenia Armenians and Azerbaijan Azerbaijanis 3,000 to 10,000 from both sides[4]
March Days March 1918 Azerbaijan Baku Soviet Union Baku Commune 3,000–12,000
Black January January 1990 Soviet Union Baku Soviet Union Transcaucasian Military District 133–137
Malibeyli and Gushchular Massacre February 1992 Azerbaijan Malibeyli, Ashaghi Gushchular, Yukhari Gushchular villages of Shusha Rayon Republic of Artsakh Armenian irregular units 15–50[5]
Capture of Garadaghly February 1992 Azerbaijan Qaradağlı Republic of Artsakh Armenian irregular units 20–90[6]
Khojaly Massacre February 1992 Azerbaijan Khojaly Republic of Artsakh Armenian irregular units and Russia Russian 366th regiment 161–613

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  1. Peter Avery; William Bayne Fisher, Gavin Hambly, Charles Melville (25 October 1991). The Cambridge history of Iran: From Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic. Cambridge University Press. p. 332. ISBN 978-0-521-20095-0.
  2. John F. Baddeley, The Russian Conquest of the Caucasus, London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1908, p. 67, citing "Tsitsianoff's report to the Emperor: Akti, ix (supplement), p. 920".
  3. Mansoori, Firooz (2008). "17". Studies in History,Language and Culture of Azerbaijan (in Persian). Tehran: Hazar-e Kerman. p. 245. ISBN 978-600-90271-1-8.
  4. Tadeusz Swietochowski. Russia and Azerbaijan: A Borderland in Transition. Columbia University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-231-07068-3, ISBN 978-0-231-07068-3
  5. Denber, Rachel; Goldman, Robert K. (1992). Bloodshed in the Caucasus: escalation of the armed conflict in Nagorno Karabakh. Praeger Publishers. pp. 24–27. ISBN 0-275-96241-5. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
  6. "Letter dated 20 May 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Azerbaijan to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2012.