Lluta River

river in Chile
Coordinates: 18°24′55″S 70°19′35″W / 18.41528°S 70.32639°W / -18.41528; -70.32639

The Lluta is a river in the Atacama Desert. It is the most northern of the great transversal Chilean rivers that start in the Andes and flow into the Pacific Ocean. It flows through the Arica y Parinacota region.

Lluta
River
Valley of the Lluta river
Valley of the Lluta river
Country Chile
Region Arica y Parinacota
Provinces Parinacota, Arica
Comunas General Lagos, Putre, Arica
Tributaries
 - left Allane, Putre, Socoroma, Colpitas
City Putre
Confluence Caracarani and Azufre rivers
 - location Parinacota, Arica y Parinacota, Chile
 - elevation 3,984 m (13,071 ft)
 - coordinates 17°50′21″S 69°42′26″W / 17.83917°S 69.70722°W / -17.83917; -69.70722
Mouth Pacific Ocean
 - location Arica, Arica y Parinacota, Chile
 - elevation m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 18°24′55″S 70°19′35″W / 18.41528°S 70.32639°W / -18.41528; -70.32639
Length 147 km (91 mi)
Basin 3,378 km² (1,304 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 2.35 /s (83 cu ft/s)
 - min 1.44 /s (51 cu ft/s)
Map of the Lluta river
Map of the Lluta river
Wikimedia Commons: Río Lluta

It has a broad estuary near the port city of Arica that forms a wetland, a habitat used by many water birds (birds that live on or near water).

GeographyEdit

The Lluta river has a length of 147 km (91 mi), and a drainage basin with an area of approximately 3,378 km2 (1,304 sq mi).[1][2]

CourseEdit

The Lluta river starts on the Andean mountain slopes near the border with Peru and Bolivia, at an elevation of about 3,984 m (13,071 ft), in the place called Humapalca, comuna of General Lagos, Parinacota province, Arica y Parinacota.

The river is formed by the confluence of two streams:[2]

  • Caracarani. It starts on the eastern side of the Tacora volcano. It has a discharge of 0.255 to 0.640 m3/s (9.0 to 22.6 cu ft/s) with an average discharge of 0.400 m3/s (14.1 cu ft/s).
  • Azufre. This river is formed by several streams that come from the southwestern side of the Tacora volcano. It is around 20 km (12 mi) and a discharge of about 0.30 to 0.50 m3/s (11 to 18 cu ft/s).

Along its first 36 km (22 mi), the river flows southeast and then slowly begins to turn towards the west. In its descent to the lower elevations of the valley, the river starts to run through a canyon formed by the same river; in some parts, the canyon could be 300 m (980 ft) deep.

Near the village of Socoroma (in the comuna of Putre), the river turns directly west and, after getting out of the canyon, the river begins to widen. Near the village of Chironta, about 70 km (43 mi) from the sea, appear the first farms.

Finally, the river flows in the Pacific Ocean north of the city of Arica, in the sector Chacalluta, near the airport.

The Lluta river only flows through small villages except Putre, a small town with only 1,977 inhabitants (2022 census).

Wetland of the Lluta riverEdit

The mouth of the Lluta river in the Pacific Ocean covers more of 171 hectares (423 acres). The resulting coastal wetland is the most important of its kind in the region with extensive vegetation and many water birds, including migratory birds.[1]

Main tributariesEdit

Because the Lluta river flows throug a very arid region, the Atacama desert, there are very few permanent tributaries, and most of them join the Luta by its left side; some of them are Allane, Putre, Socoroma and Colpitas.

Water qualityEdit

Apart from its problems of salinity and acidity, the river has very high levels of boron, arsenic, and sulfate, among other pollutants, which limit the agricultural activities that can be developed along the river.[3]

GalleryEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Cuenca del río Lluta" (PDF) (in Spanish). Ministerio de Obras Públicas - Dirección General de Aguas. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 June 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Hoyas hidrográficas de Chile - Primera Región" (PDF) (in Spanish). Ministerio de Obras Públicas - Dirección General de Aguas. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "Lluta River, Chile". NASA Earth Observatory. Retrieved 10 October 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

Other websitesEdit