Louis David Riel (22 October 1844 – 16 November 1885, pronounced /ˈluːi riːˈɛl/ (Loo-EE Ree-EL) in English) was a Métis Canadian politician. He helped in the founding of Manitoba and was a leader of the Métis people in the Canadian Prairies. He led two resistance movements against the Canadian government and Prime Minister John A. Macdonald.
Louis David Riel
|Member of Parliament
|22 October 1844
Red River Colony, Rupert's Land
|16 November 1885 (aged 41)
Regina, District of Assiniboia
|Marguerite Monet dit Bellehumeur (1881–1885)
|Louis Riel Sr.
One of the prisoners was a man named Thomas Scott, who disobey and disrespect his captors. Scott assaulted one of Riel's men.
Riel had enough, and Scott was put on trial to a jury containing several of Riel's most trusted men including Elzéar Goulet, a Métis leader who supported Riel. The court found Scott annoying, and he was sentenced to death by firing squad.
Riel fled to the United States but in 1885 returned to fight against the Canadian government again.
English-speaking Canadians, especially in Ontario, considered Riel a murderer of Scott, and a war party, the Wolsely Expedition, was sent to put his rebellion down and eventually captured him. Riel was put on trial and then hanged in Regina, now in Saskatchewan.