Louis Riel

Métis leader in Canada (1844–1885)

Louis David Riel (22 October 1844 – 16 November 1885, pronounced /ˈluːi riːˈɛl/ (Loo-EE Ree-EL) in English) was a Métis Canadian politician. He helped in the founding of Manitoba and was a leader of the Métis people in the Canadian Prairies.[1] He led two resistance movements against the Canadian government and Prime Minister John A. Macdonald.

Louis David Riel
Member of Parliament
for Provencher
Preceded byGeorge-Étienne Cartier
Succeeded byAndrew Bannatyne
Personal details
Born(1844-10-22)22 October 1844
Red River Colony, Rupert's Land
Died16 November 1885(1885-11-16) (aged 41)
Regina, District of Assiniboia
Spouse(s)Marguerite Monet dit Bellehumeur (1881–1885)
ChildrenJean-Louis,
Marie-Angélique
ParentsLouis Riel Sr.
Julie Lagimodière
OccupationPolitician

Riel tried to preserve Métis rights and culture. However, until recently, he was usually regarded as an outlawsince he fought the Canadian government in 1870, and his people took prisoners.

One of the prisoners was a man named Thomas Scott, who disobey and disrespect his captors. Scott assaulted one of Riel's men.

Riel had enough, and Scott was put on trial to a jury containing several of Riel's most trusted men including Elzéar Goulet, a Métis leader who supported Riel. The court found Scott annoying, and he was sentenced to death by firing squad.

Riel fled to the United States but in 1885 returned to fight against the Canadian government again.

English-speaking Canadians, especially in Ontario, considered Riel a murderer of Scott, and a war party, the Wolsely Expedition, was sent to put his rebellion down and eventually captured him. Riel was put on trial and then hanged in Regina, now in Saskatchewan.

French-speaking Canadians caused a riot in Montreal, Quebec, after the execution and still consider him as a hero.

References change

  1. "Louis Riel". A database of materials held by the University of Saskatchewan Libraries and the University Archives. Archived from the original on 2012-02-21. Retrieved 2007-09-23.