Louisiana (New France)

administrative district of New France (1682–1762, 1800–1803)

Louisiana (French: La Louisiane; La Louisiane française) or French Louisiana[1] was an administrative district of New France. It was under French control 1682 to 1762 and 1801 (nominally) to 1803 when France sold it in the Louisiana Purchase. The area was named after King Louis XIV by French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle. The area included most of the drainage basin of the Mississippi River, and it went from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico, and it went from the Appalachian Mountains to the Rocky Mountains.

French colonial Louisiana
La Louisiane
District of New France


New France before the Treaty of Utrecht

CapitalMobile (1702–1720)
Biloxi (1720–1722)
La Nouvelle-Orléans (after 1722)
• Established
21 March 1801
30 April 1803
• Transferred to the United States
20 December 1803
Political subdivisionsUpper Louisiana;
Lower Louisiana
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Louisiana (New Spain)
Indian Reserve (1763)
Louisiana (New Spain)
Indian Reserve (1763)
Louisiana Purchase
Today part of Canada
 United States

Louisiana included two regions. These regions are now known as Upper Louisiana (la Haute-Louisiane), which began north of the Arkansas River, and Lower Louisiana (la Basse-Louisiane). Most of the French people in Upper Louisiana came from Canada.

The U.S. state of Louisiana is named for the historical region. Although it is only a small part of the vast lands claimed by France.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 La Louisiane française 1682-1803, 2002. Although named, "La Louisiane", that name became the French term for the U.S. state of Louisiana, so, by 1879, the colonial region was called La Louisiane française.

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