Mark Twain

American author and humorist (1835–1910)

Samuel Langhorne Clemens[1] (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), more widely known as Mark Twain, was an American writer. He was born in Florida, Missouri. He worked mainly for newspapers and as a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River before he became a writer. He married in 1870, and raised his family in Hartford, Connecticut. In later life he invested and lost the money that his writing had made, and toured the world giving lectures that brought him enough money to pay his debt and recover his fortune.

Mark Twain
Twain in 1909
Twain in 1909
BornSamuel Langhorne Clemens
(1835-11-30)November 30, 1835
Florida, Missouri, U.S.
DiedApril 21, 1910(1910-04-21) (aged 74)
Redding, Connecticut, U.S.
Pen nameMark Twain
Notable worksAdventures of Huckleberry Finn, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

Mark Twain (1909)

Clemens was best known for his works in fiction, and especially for his use of humour. His first published story, in 1865, was The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County.

Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is considered by many to be Clemens' best work. This story of a white boy who helps a black man escape slavery in the southern United States is known for its humanity.

Clemens's style was usually informal and humorous. This made him different from many important 19th century writers whose books he disliked. For example, he greatly disliked Jane Austen's works, such as Sense and Sensibility and Pride and Prejudice, and famously remarked, "She makes me detest (hate) all her people, without reserve."[2][3]

Actor Hal Holbrook played Mark Twain on stage in a one-man show called Mark Twain Tonight.

Halley's Comet appeared in the sky during the year Twain was born and the year he died.[4] This periodic comet comes back every 74 years, which is how long he lived.




  1. "Mark Twain". New York Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  2. "Mark Twain quotations - Jane Austen". Retrieved 3 September 2010.
  3. Twain, Mark (April 21, 2009). Who is Mark Twain?. Harper. ISBN 978-0061735004.
  4. "Mark Twain quotations". Retrieved 8 January 2014.

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