city in northern Iraq and capital of Nineveh Province

Mosul (Arabic: الموصلal-Mawṣil, Kurdish: مووسڵ‎, Syriac: ܡܘܨܠ‎, romanized: Māwṣil) is a city in the north of Iraq. Under the Ottoman Empire it was the capital of northern Iraq. More than a million people lived there when Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant conquered it in 2014. In 2017 the Iraqi Army with help from Kurdish Peshmerga troops and other militias took the city back.

Tigris, a bridge and Grand Mosque in Mosul
Tigris, a bridge and Grand Mosque in Mosul
Nīnwē ܢܝ݂ܢܘܹܐ
Mosul is located in Iraq
Location of Mosul within Iraq
Mosul is located in Asia
Mosul (Asia)
Coordinates: 36°20′N 43°08′E / 36.34°N 43.13°E / 36.34; 43.13Coordinates: 36°20′N 43°08′E / 36.34°N 43.13°E / 36.34; 43.13
GovernorateNineveh Governorate
 • City180 km2 (70 sq mi)
Elevation223 m (732 ft)
 • City664,221
 • Urban
Unknown (estimates range between 750,000 and 1,500,000[1]
 UNData 1987[3]
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
Area code(s)60
Map of Mosul.svg

Further readingEdit

Published in the 19th century
  • Jedidiah Morse; Richard C. Morse (1823), "Mosul", A New Universal Gazetteer (4th ed.), New Haven: S. Converse Unknown parameter |chapterurl= ignored (help)
  • "Mosul". Edinburgh Gazetteer (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. 1829. Unknown parameter |chapterurl= ignored (help)
  • Josiah Conder (1834), "Mosul", Dictionary of Geography, Ancient and Modern, London: T. Tegg Unknown parameter |chapterurl= ignored (help)
  • Charles Wilson, ed. (1895), "Mosul", Handbook for Travellers in Asia Minor, Transcaucasia, Persia, etc., London: John Murray, OCLC 8979039 Unknown parameter |chapterurl= ignored (help)
  • Edward Balfour, ed. (1871). "Mosul". Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia (2nd ed.). Madras. Unknown parameter |chapterurl= ignored (help)
Published in the 20th century
  • "Mosul", Palestine and Syria (5th ed.), Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, 1912 Unknown parameter |chapterurl= ignored (help)
  • "Mosul". [[Encyclopaedia of Islam]]. E.J. Brill. 1934. p. 609+. URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  • Jacqueline Griffin (1996), "Mosul", in Trudy Ring (ed.), Middle East and Africa, International Dictionary of Historic Places, Routledge, ISBN 9781884964039
Published in the 21st century
  • C. Edmund Bosworth, ed. (2007). "Mosul". Historic Cities of the Islamic World. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. ISBN 9004153888.
  • Michael R.T. Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley, eds. (2008), "Mosul", Cities of the Middle East and North Africa, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC-CLIO, ISBN 1576079198


  1. "Iraqi City of Mosul Transformed a Year After Islamic State Capture". Wall Street Journal.
  2. Gladstone, Philip (10 February 2014). "Synop Information for ORBM (40608) in Mosul, Iraq". Weather Quality Reporter. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  3. "UNSD Demographic Statistics". United Nations Statistics Division 1987.

Other websitesEdit