first Umayyad Caliph (r.661-680) and founder of the Umayyad Caliphate
Muawiyah I (602-680) was a deeply controversial figure in Islam. He was the nephew of Uthman, and founded the Umayyad dynasty. He was also the rival of Ali.
|Reign||661 – 680|
|Died||May 6, 680|
|Father||Abu Sufyan ibn Harb|
|Mother||Hind bint Utbah|
- Press, Oxford University (2010). Caliph and Caliphate Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-980382-8. Retrieved 2017-03-19.