Muawiyah I

first Umayyad Caliph (r.661-680) and founder of the Umayyad Caliphate

Muawiyah I (602-680) was a deeply controversial figure in Islam. He was the nephew of Uthman, and founded the Umayyad dynasty. He was also the rival of Ali.[1]

Muawiyah I
Reign661 – 680
SuccessorYazid I
DiedMay 6, 680
Full name
Muˁāwīya ibn ˁAbī Sufyān
FatherAbu Sufyan ibn Harb
MotherHind bint Utbah


  1. Press, Oxford University (2010). Caliph and Caliphate Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-980382-8. Retrieved 2017-03-19.