The Munich U-Bahn is an underground railway network in the city of Munich, Germany. It is run by the Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft, or MVG for short. It has 6 lines and has a network of 103,1 km (64,1 miles) and has exactly 100 stations. Only one line, the U6 crosses the city border in Garching.
There are currently 7 lines:
The trains can go 80 km/h, which is the fastest in Germany. Only the lines U5 and U6 are partly above ground. The U5 comes over ground only at the last station, the U6 for the last six stations in the north.
Trains run every 10 minutes, in rush hours every 5 minutes. In the early morning and late evening trains run every 20 minutes.
There are 3 "line families". They share the tunnel in the city centre. Each family has a colour. It is used in the stations.
Almost every station has a platform in the middle. Only the stations Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (U1), Richard-Strauss-Straße (U4), Neuperlach Süd (U5), Garching-Hochbrück and Nordfriedhof (both U6) have platforms on the side.
At the stations Innsbrucker Ring (U2/U5) and Scheidplatz (U2/U3) there are four tracks with two platforms. To change trains you only have to go to the other side of the platforms. Two lines cross at these stations. The stations Hauptbahnhof (Central Station) (U1/U2) and Münchner Freiheit (U3/U6) have four tracks. At the Hauptbahnhof there are two more tracks on another level for the U4 and U5. Here two lines separate. The stations Kolumbusplatz (U1/U2), Implerstraße (U3/U6) and Max-Weber-Platz (U4/U5) have three platforms. Two for trains to the city and one for trains from the city. Two lines separate at these stations.
In 1980 it started together with the U1. First it was called U8. Today it is 24.4 km long. It runs between Feldmoching and Messestadt Ost. It shares track with U1 between Hauptbahnhof (Central Station) and Kolumbusplatz.
The U4 was named U9 at first. It opened together with the U5. The line is the shortest in the network. It is 9.3 km long and has only 13 stations. It runs between Arabellapark to Westendstraße. Between Max-Weber-Platz and Westendstraße. In the evenings, it only operates between Lehel and Arabellapark.
The Munich U-Bahn uses three different kinds of trains. Altogether there are 550 trains, which can be used on any line.
|19 October 1971||U6||Kieferngarten - Goetheplatz||12.0 km|
|8 May 1972||U3||Münchner Freiheit - Olympiazentrum||4.0 km|
|22 November 1975||U6/3||Goetheplatz - Harass||2.7 km|
|1978||U6/3||Poccistraße station||0.0 km|
|18 October 1980||U2 (then U8)||Scheidplatz - Neuperlach Süd||16.0 km|
|16 April 1983||U6 (West)||Harass - Holzapfelkreuth||2.7 km|
|28 May 1983||U1 (West)||Central Station - Rotkreuzplatz||3.3 km|
|10 March 1984||U4/5||Westendstraße - Karlsplatz (Stachus) (4,6 km)
+ connection tunnel to U6/3 (1,4 km)
|1 March 1986||U4/5||Karlsplatz - Odeonsplatz||0.7 km|
|24 March 1988||U4/5||Westendstraße - Laimer Platz||1.4 km|
|27 October 1988||U5||Odeonsplatz - Innsbrucker Ring (4.1 km)||4.1 km|
|U4||Max-Weber-Platz - Arabellapark (3.6 km)||3.6 km|
|28 October 1989||U3 (South)||Implerstraße - Forstenrieder Allee||6.1 km|
|1 June 1991||U3 (South)||Forstenrieder Allee - Fürstenried West||1.9 km|
|22 May 1993||U6 (West)||Holzapfelkreuth - Klinikum Großhadern (Großhadern Clinical Centre)||2.9 km|
|20 November 1993||U2 (North)||Scheidplatz - Dülferstraße||5.0 km|
|30 June 1994||U6 (North)||Kieferngarten - Fröttmaning||1.0 km|
|28 October 1995||U6 (North)||Fröttmaning - Garching-Hochbrück||3.8 km|
|26 October 1996||U2 (North)||Dülferstraße - Feldmoching||1.9 km|
|9 November 1997||U1 (South)||Kolumbusplatz - Mangfallplatz||3.6 km|
|23 May 1998||U1 (West)||Rotkreuzplatz - Westfriedhof||2.0 km|
|29 May 1999||U2 (East)||Innsbrucker Ring - Messestadt Ost||7.7 km|
|18 October 2003||U1 (West)||Westfriedhof - Georg-Brauchle-Ring||0.8 km|
|31 October 2004||U1 (West)||Georg-Brauchle-Ring - Olympia-Einkaufszentrum||0.5 km|
|14 October 2006||U6 (North)||Garching-Hochbrück - Garching-Forschungszentrum||4.4 km|
|28 October 2007||U3 (North)||Olympiazentrum – Olympia-Einkaufszentrum||2,2 km|
|11 December 2010||U3 (North)||Olympia-Einkaufszentrum – Moosach||2,0 km|
- U6 (North): Upgrade of Fröttmaning Station
- Because of the new Allianz Arena (soccer stadium) the nearby U-Bahn station needed to be upgraded. A new, second platform was built and the old platform was moved north by about 100 m. All together the new station has four tracks. Start of construction: 10 October 2002, opened: 4 May 2005
- Upgrade of Marienplatz Station.
- Because of more passengers and the new Allianz Arena also this station was extended. New pedestrian tunnels were built and the platforms widened. Start: 27 May 2003, opened: 29 May 2006
- U6 (North): Extension Garching-Hochbrück - Garching - Garching-Forschungszentrum
- This extension through the town of Garching connects Campus Garching of Munich University of Technology and other research institutes to Munich's subway system. Start: 2 April 2001, opened: 14 October, 2006