Nationalist Movement Party

far-right political party in Turkey

The Nationalist Movement Party (sometimes called Nationalist Action Party; Turkish: Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi, MHP) is a political party in Turkey.

Nationalist Movement Party
Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi
PresidentDevlet Bahçeli
General Secretaryİsmet Büyükataman [tr]
FounderAlparslan Türkeş
Founded9 February 1969; 55 years ago (1969-02-09)
Preceded byRepublican Villagers Nation Party
HeadquartersEhlibeyt Mh. Ceyhun Atuf Kansu Cd No:128, 06105 Ankara, Turkey
Paramilitary wingGrey Wolves (unofficial)
Membership (2018)489,239[1]
IdeologyTurkish ultranationalism[2][3][4][5]
Cultural nationalism[5][6][7]
Social conservatism[8]
National conservatism[9]
Right-wing populism[10][11]

Turkish-Islamic synthesis
Political positionRight-wing[21][22][23]
to far-right[24][25][26]
National affiliationPeople's Alliance
Colours    Red, White (official)
  Ruby red (customary)
SloganÜlkenin Geleceğine Oy Ver ("Vote for the Country's Future")
Grand National Assembly
49 / 600
Metropolitan municipalities
2 / 30
District municipalities
166 / 1,351
Provincial councillors
174 / 1,251
Municipal Assemblies
3,501 / 20,498
Party flag

The MHP was founded on 9 February 1969 by Alparslan Türkeş. Their most successful performance in an election was in 1999, where they received 5,606,634 votes and won 129 out of 550 seats in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. In the last election, they received 5,599,600 votes and won 40 out of 550 seats.

The Nationalist Movement Party has been called a neo-fascist party,[27][28] and has been linked to some violent militias.[29] They are cultural nationalists, and moved from supporting secularism to having a pro-Islamic stance. They are Eurosceptics, meaning they are against the European Union.

Their slogan is: Ülkenin Geleceğine Oy Ver (meaning "Vote for the country's future").

The MHP refuses to have any form of dialogue with the left-wing Kurdish nationalist Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP).

References change

  1. "Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi". Party files. T.C. Yargıtay Cumhuriyet Başsavcısı (Office of the Prosecutor at the Court of Cassation of the Turkish Republic). November 28, 2018. Archived from the original on February 14, 2015. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  2. Arman, Murat Necip (2007). "The Sources Of Banality In Transforming Turkish Nationalism". CEU Political Science Journal (2): 133–151.
  3. Eissenstat, Howard. (November 2002). Anatolianism: The History of a Failed Metaphor of Turkish Nationalism. Middle East Studies Association Conference. Washington, D.C.
  4. Tachau, Frank. (1963). "The Search for National Identity among the Turks". Die Welt des Islams. New Series. 8 (3): 165–176.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Cook, Steven A. (2012). "Recent History: The Rise of the Justice and Development Party". U.S.-Turkey Relations: A New Partnership to. Council on Foreign Relations: 52.
  6. Göçek, Fatma Müge (2011). "The Transformation of Turkey: Redefining State and Society from the Ottoman Empire to the Modern Era". I.B. Tauris: 56. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. Tocci, Nathalie (2012). "Turkey and the European Union". The Routledge Handbook of Modern Turkey. Routledge: 241.
  8. Celep, Ödül (2010). "Turkey's Radical Right and the Kurdish Issue: The MHP's Reaction to the "Democratic Opening"". Insight Turkey. 12 (2).
  9. Carkoglu, Ali (2004). Turkey and the European Union: Domestic Politics, Economic Integration and International Dynamics. Routledge. p. 127.
  10. Farnen, Russell F., ed. (2004). Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Identity: Cross National and Comparative Perspectives. Transaction Secularism Publishers. p. 252. ISBN 9781412829366. ..the nationalist-fascist Turkish National Movement Party (MHP).
  11. Abadan-Unat, Nermin (2011). Turks in Europe: From Guest Worker to Transnational Citizen. New York: Berghahn Books. p. 19. ISBN 9781845454258. ...the fascist Nationalist Movement Party...
  12. "Euroscepticism: Party Ideology Meets Strategy".
  13. Arıkan, E. Burak (1999). The Programme of the Nationalist Action Party: An Iron Hand in a Velvet Glove?. Frank Cass. p. 122. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  14. Jacoby, Tim (2012). Fascism, Civility and the Crisis of the Turkish State. Routledge. p. 112. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  15. globalsecurity Nationalist Movement Party
  16. "Grey Wolves, Turkey's neo-fascist group that is banned in France |".
  17. The Construction of Nationalist Politics in Turkey: The MHP: 1965-1980.
  18. [13][14][15][16][17]
  19. "MHP to start rallies against Kurdish initiative on Dec 13". Today's Zaman. 4 December 2009. Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  20. Söyler, Mehtap (2015). The Turkish Deep State: State Consolidation, Civil-Military Relations and Democracy. Routledge. p. 119. ISBN 9781317668800.
  21. Gerges, Fawaz (2016). Contentious Politics in the Middle East. Springer. p. 299.
  22. Yilmaz, Gözde (2017). Minority Rights in Turkey. Taylor & Francis. p. 65.
  23. "Turkish right-wing dissidents' bid to oust party leader foiled". Yahoo News. 15 May 2016.
  24. Turkey Recent Economic and Political Developments Yearbook Volume 1 - Strategic Information and Developments. P.46. Published in July 2015 and updated annually. International Business Publications, Washington, USA. Accessed via Google books. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  25. Global Turkey in Europe II. Energy, Migration, Civil Society and Citizenship Issues in Turkey-EU Relations. p.180. First published by Edizioni Nuova Cultura in 2014. Published in Rome, Italy. Accessed via Google books. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  26. Turkish far right on the rise. Archived 2013-12-20 at the Wayback Machine The Independent. Author - Justin Huggler. Published 19 April 1999. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  27. Arıkan, E. Burak (1999). The Programme of the Nationalist Action Party: An Iron Hand in a Velvet Glove?. Frank Cass. p. 122. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  28. Jacoby, Tim (2012). Fascism, Civility and the Crisis of the Turkish State. Routledge. p. 112. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  29. Sullivan, Colleen (2011). Grey Wolves (Second ed.). Sage. p. 236. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)

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