North Vietnam

former socialist republic in Southeast Asia

The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN) (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was a country that existed from 1945 until 1976. It took control in northern Vietnam and eventually took over its southern opponent. It lay north of the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone, and South Vietnam lay to the south of it.

Democratic Republic of Vietnam
Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa
Flag of North Vietnam
Flag
(1955–1976)
Emblem (1955–1976) of North Vietnam
Emblem
(1955–1976)
Territory of the DRV in Southeast Asia, 1954
Territory of the DRV in Southeast Asia, 1954
Capital
and largest city
Hanoi
Official languagesVietnamese
Demonym(s)North Vietnamese
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
Party Chairman
First Secretary
 
• 1945–1956
Trường Chinh
• 1956–1960
Hồ Chí Minh
• 1960–1976
Lê Duẩn
President 
• 1945–1969
Hồ Chí Minh
• 1969–1976
Tôn Đức Thắng
Prime Minister 
• 1945–1955
Hồ Chí Minh
• 1955–1976
Phạm Văn Đồng
LegislatureNational Assembly
Historical eraCold War
16 August 1945
• Proclamation of the DRV
2 September 1945
6 January 1946
• Start of the Indochina War
19 December 1946
21 July 1954
• Start of the Vietnam War
1 November 1955
2 July 1976
Currencyđồng
cash (until 1948)[1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Empire of Vietnam
Empire of Japan
Vietnam

It was proclaimed by President Hồ Chí Minh in Hà Nội on September 2, 1945. The country was supported by China and the Soviet Union during the Vietnam War, eventually defeating South Vietnam 20 years later in the Vietnam War.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Sapeque and Sapeque-Like Coins in Cochinchina and Indochina (交趾支那和印度支那穿孔錢幣)". Howard A. Daniel III (The Journal of East Asian Numismatics – Second issue). 20 April 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2017.