North Vietnam

former country in Southeast Asia that existed from 1945 to 1976

The Democratic Republic of Vietnam, (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa) also known as North Vietnam was a country in Asia. It existed from 1954 to 1976 and its capital was Hanoi. It was led by the Communist Party of Vietnam. It was proclaimed by President Ho Chi Minh on September 2, 1945.

Democratic Republic of Vietnam
Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa
Flag of North Vietnam
Emblem (1955–1976) of North Vietnam
Territory of the DRV in Southeast Asia, 1954
Territory of the DRV in Southeast Asia, 1954
and largest city
Official languagesVietnamese
Demonym(s)North Vietnamese
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
Party Chairman
First Secretary
• 1945–1956
Trường Chinh
• 1956–1960
Hồ Chí Minh
• 1960–1976
Lê Duẩn
• 1945–1969
Hồ Chí Minh
• 1969–1976
Tôn Đức Thắng
Prime Minister 
• 1945–1955
Hồ Chí Minh
• 1955–1976
Phạm Văn Đồng
LegislatureNational Assembly
Historical eraCold War
16 August 1945
• Proclamation of the DRV
2 September 1945
6 January 1946
• Start of the Indochina War
19 December 1946
21 July 1954
• Start of the Vietnam War
1 November 1955
2 July 1976
cash (until 1948)[1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Empire of Vietnam
Empire of Japan

Vietnam War


The Vietnam War was a war in Vietnam. It lasted from 1955 to 1975. North Vietnam fought against South Vietnam. The United States helped South Vietnam, while China and the Soviet Union helped North Vietnam. The war caused a lot of damage. In the end, North Vietnam won, and the country became one again. Many people suffered because of the war.[2]


  1. "Sapeque and Sapeque-Like Coins in Cochinchina and Indochina (交趾支那和印度支那穿孔錢幣)". Howard A. Daniel III (The Journal of East Asian Numismatics – Second issue). 20 April 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  2. "Vietnam War: Causes, Facts & Impact". HISTORY. 2023-03-28. Retrieved 2023-08-07.